Classification

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Classification - a body made from a network of - cellulose cell wall
hyphae which forms a mycelium - chlorophyll containing chloroplasts
The Five Kingdoms: - no chlorophyll or photosynthetic - sap vacules
All living organisms are classified into pigments
different groups, and this allows for an - heterotrophs they relay on other flowering plants provide humans with crops
organism `filing system'. This means that any organisms to feed, which can be such as maize and wheat.
new discoveries are easily incorporated into saprophytic (decaying/dead Their flowers contain seeds required for
a group and any relationships between material) or parasitic (nourishment reproduction enclosed in a fruit made in the
groups of similar organisms can be studied. from a host organism) ovary wall.
- the reproduce by spores.
The Five Kingdoms are called;-
- Animal Animal Kingdom:
- Plant Members include all types of animal.
- Protoctist (Protist) The features include;-
- Fungus - Multicellular eukaryote organisms
- Prokaryotes (bacteria). - No cell wall
- Nervous system
Prokaryote Kingdom: - And are heterotrophic
Members of this kingdom include bacteria
and blue-green algae. The animal kingdom is divided into over 20
The features include;- major and minor groups called phyla.
- unicellular Main groups are;-
- cell wall is made from murein - flatworms
- there are no membranous organelles - roundworms
or nuclear membrane. - moiluskes
- annelids
Protoctista Kingdom: - crustaceans
Members include the smaller eukaryotes - insects
such as algae, slime mould, water moulds - centipedes and millipedes
and protozoa. - spiders
The features include;- - mammals
- membranous organelles and nuclear - birds
membrane. - reptiles
- amphibians
This Kingdom encompasses organisms - fish
which are not grouped under animal, plant or - arthropods and vertebrates
fungi, however, they do have the
characteristics of these Kingdoms. Plant Kingdom:
Members include all types of plant, such as
Fungus Kingdom: ferns, mosses and liverworts, flowering
Members include yeast and mushrooms. plants and conifers.
The features include;- The features include;-
- rigid cell wall made of chitin - all eukaryotic cells

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