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Learning Theory
Simple forms of learning in
which certain responses become
more or less likely to occur in a
situation.…read more

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Learning through association, a neutral stimulus
becomes associated with a known stimulus-reflex response.
Baby learns an
association…read more

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An Example...
An infant is born with reflex responses.
So, the food giver then becomes a form of
pleasure. This is because food stimulus is
associated with pleasure.…read more

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Influenced
by actions
Learning through reinforcement, behaviour becomes
more likely as outcome is reinforced.
Secondary
Reinforcer Negative
Reinforcement
Primary
Reinforcement
Positive
Reinforcement…read more

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Operant conditioning is learning through reinforcement of behaviour.
Crying is an automatic response to hunger. If an infant cries the
infant learns that crying is rewarding and repeats this behaviour
more often. (POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT)
The caregivers attention also results in food and is
reinforcing. The PRIMARY REINFORCER is food.
Infant learns that crying will maintain mum's
attention and food supply. The caregiver feeds the
infant (who stops crying). Feeding is repeated to
avoid discomfort of hearing the infant cry. This is
NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT.…read more

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