Slides in this set
Learning through reinforcement, behaviour becomes
more likely as outcome is reinforced.
Operant conditioning is learning through reinforcement of behaviour.
Crying is an automatic response to hunger. If an infant cries the
infant learns that crying is rewarding and repeats this behaviour
more often. (POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT)
The caregivers attention also results in food and is
reinforcing. The PRIMARY REINFORCER is food.
Infant learns that crying will maintain mum's
attention and food supply. The caregiver feeds the
infant (who stops crying). Feeding is repeated to
avoid discomfort of hearing the infant cry. This is
NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT.…read more