Civil Servants notes

Detailed notes of civil servants, political neutrality etc.

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Government and Politics ­ Civil Service Research
The term civil service has two distinct meanings:
A branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed on the basis of
professional merit as proven by competitive examinations.
The body of employees in any government agency other than the military.
A civil servant or public servant is a person in the public sector employed for a government
department or agency. The term explicitly excludes the armed services, although civilian
officials will work at "Defence Ministry" headquarters. The term always includes the
(sovereign) state's employees whether regional, or substate, or even municipal employees
are called "civil servants" varies from country to country. In the United Kingdom, for
instance, only Crown employees are referred to as civil servants, county or city employees are
not.
Many consider the study of civil service to be a part of the field of public administration.
Workers in "nondepartmental public bodies" (sometimes called "QUANGOs") may also be
classed as civil servants for the purpose of statistics and possibly for their terms and
conditions. Collectively a state's civil servants form its Civil Service or Public Service.
An international civil servant or international staff member is a civilian employee that is
nominated by an international organisation These international civil servants do not resort
under any national legislation (from which they have immunity of jurisdiction) but are
governed by an internal staff regulation. All disputes related to international civil service are
brought before special tribunals created by these international organisations such as, for
instance, the Administrative Tribunal of the ILO.
Specific referral can be made to the International Civil Service Commission (ICSC) of the
United Nations, an independent expert body established by the United Nations General
Assembly. Its mandate is to regulate and coordinate the conditions of service of staff in the
United Nations common system, while promoting and maintaining high standards in the
international civil service.
Her Majesty's Home Civil Service
Also known as the Home Civil Service, is the permanent bureaucracy of Crown employees
that supports Her Majesty's Government the government of the United Kingdom, composed
of a Cabinet of ministers chosen by the prime minister, as well as the devolved
administrations in Wales (the Welsh Government) and Scotland (the Scottish Government).
The executive decisions of government ministers are implemented by Her Majesty's Civil
Service. Civil servants are employees of the Crown and not Parliament. Civil servants also
have some traditional and statutory responsibilities which to some extent protect them from
being used for the political advantage of the party in power. Senior civil servants may be
called to account to Parliament.

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In general use, the term civil servant in the United Kingdom does not include all public sector
employees although there is no fixed legal definition, the term is usually defined as "a
servant of the Crown working in a civil capacity who is not the holder of a political (or
judicial) office the holder of certain other offices in respect of whose tenure of office special
provision has been made [or] a servant of the Crown in a personal capacity paid from the
Civil List".…read more

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Tony Blair, the influence of two Downing Street special advisers, Jonathan
Powell and Alastair Campbell, both of whom were given formal power over Downing Street
civil servants, provoked widespread criticism.
Grading schemes
The grading system used in the civil service has changed many times, and the current
structure is made up of two schemes.…read more

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Ministerial
responsibility in relation to officials, and its replacement by personal responsibility for
construction and implementation of policy.
Are quangos sufficiently accountable? Are there some functions or powers that ought only
to be held by those democratically elected?
The Taxpayers' Alliance argues for the reduction in the number of 'SAPBs'SemiAutonomous
Public Bodiesbecause of problems of accountability, cost, cronyism, duplication of function
and taxpayerfunded lobbying.…read more

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Quangos are costly there may be duplication of functions they constitute an extra,
unnecessary level of government.…read more

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