Useful timeline featuring all the key events in the Civil Rights movement including achievements, what happened, what groups were involved ect:)

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  • Created by: Hayley
  • Created on: 18-05-13 08:01

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Event Date: Groups Events: Achievements:
Brown vs. 1954 NAACP, Supreme Court rules (90) segregation in schools is Great achievement for NAACP.
Board of Supreme unconstitutional. But gave no date when de facto
Education Court desegregation had to happen.
Not a lot of acceptance of the ruling, White
Citizens Councils quickly formed throughout
the South to defend segregation.
Montgomery 1956 King and Triggered by the arrest of Rosa Parks. Bus companies lost a lot of money and had
bus boycotts. SCLC, Blacks boycotted the buses in Montgomery and to desegregate buses.
NAACP walked to work instead. They demanded the buses In Browder vs. Gayle the court outlawed
and should use a first come first serve service at first, segregation on buses
when rejected it became a yearlong boycott. Economic power of blacks displayed, they
85 % of Montgomery's black community were a powerful force.
boycotted the buses MLK's leadership skills shown and the
power of the court to overthrow Plessy vs.
Little Rock 1957 Federal Faubus uses the National Guard to stop 9 newly Showed Supreme Court rulings faced
government enrolled black students from entering Little Rock massive resistance from grassroots.
High School, Arkansas. Eisenhower has to get However some cities like Atlanta quickly
involved and sends in federal troops. Was the only integrated to avoid violence like in Little
thing he really did for the movement? Rock.
As late as 1964 only two to three percent of
the US's black children attended de
segregated schools.

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Sit Ins 1960 King and Organised by SNCC in Greensboro (N.Carolina) Helped erode Jim Crow Woolworth's had to
SCLC, where black students refused to leave the all white desegregate all its lunch counters.
CORE, Woolworth's cafeteria, spread across the country. Led to the students creating SNCC.
SNCC As many as 70,000 students joined these sit ins. King was led rather than leading.
The media covered the action extensively.
Freedom 1961 CORE, A small integrated group travelled the South testing Gained publicity.
Rides SNCC.…read more

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King wanted to show SCLC could be dynamic and Had successfully assessed how Connor
successful. would react and how the media would depict
SCLC failed to recruit enough demonstrators the action.
because the local SCLC leader was unpopular. "There never was any more skilful
Led a peaceful march which turned violent when manipulation than there was in Birmingham"
`Bull' Connor as expected with his police and dogs (Leading SCLC staffer)
turned on the protestors.…read more

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Was the
local, poorer community that responded to the
In Nov 1963 SNCC organised the `Freedom
Vote', a mock election for disfranchised blacks.
Followed by Freedom Summer, 800 volunteers
from the North helped join the campaign.
St Augustine 1964 King and SCLC moved to St Augustine in Florida and said it King keen to get out of there.
SCLC, had never worked in a city "as lawless as this".…read more

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This is Selma, Alabama.
There are more negroes in jail with me than there
are on the voting rolls".
Organised a march to Montgomery to publicise
need for a Voting rights act. State troopers
attacked the marchers with clubs and used tear
Pres Johnson asked King to call off the next
march, but without informing the SNCC, King got
the marchers to approach the state troopers then
retreat.…read more

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Was a Chicago rally, below the anticipated
Riots began when the police shut off a fire hydrant
that black youths had been using to cool
Blacks went to white residential areas to point out
how they could not reside there. Whites abused
The 1966 King and James Meredith planned a 220 mile long walk to King despaired "I don't know what I'm
Meredith SCLC, encourage blacks to votebut was shot on 2nd day. going to do.…read more


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