Civil Rights in the USA

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  • Created on: 12-03-13 10:49
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Acts, Amendments and Agencies Year Introduced Details
The Emancipation Proclamation 1862 Lincoln " Black people could n
and were free to leave their m
Freedman's Bureau 1865 Support for freed slaves in th
long term security.
Thirteenth Amendment 1865 Freed the Slaves
Civil Rights Act 1866 Should have granted legal eq
Fourteenth Amendment 1868 Gave freed blacks equal prot
to over-rule CRA) and citizen
Fifthteenth Amendment 1870 Gave blacks the vote.
Enforcement Acts & Ku Klux Klan 1870 "Equal protection under the
Act civil rights being breached by

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A Freedman could:
Situation in South after civil war
Law and order not restored for months
Military victory for the North
Forcible imposing of abolition of Slavery
Republican Party acknowledged that blacks played a vital part in the American economy.
President Johnson's policy differed from Republicans, wanted to re-admit the Southern states to the
union and return to pre-war relations (minus slavery).
Why did Johnson's policy of reconstruction fail?
Northern politicians recognised political advantage in destroying power of Southern landowners.…read more

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Jim Crow Laws
Developed between 1887-1891
Introduced formal segregation
Jim Crow Stereotype:
Measures taken to remove black voting rights
Poll tax: Voter had to make monetary payment well in advance of voting
Property Qualifications: Could only vote if owned property
Literary Tests: included being able to interpret section of constitution, arranged so that questions
for uneducated whites were easier.
Grandfather clauses: Had to provide fathers and grandfathers had voted before reconstruction.
Mississippi vs.…read more

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How far did civil rights fail to develop 1877-1915?
Active political role at lower (and occasionally higher) levels of government disappeared
(Woodrow Wilson). No African Americans in Congress by 1915.
Black right to vote systematically removed in south by state laws, Literary tests etc.
As blacks disappeared from voting registers, they also lost right to stand in a jury.
Violence and lynching increased.
Segregation formalised.…read more

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Supreme Court…read more

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Event Date Key Figures Details I
Montgomery Bus 1955 Rosa Parks Attracted support within Montgomery's black L
Boycott - NAACP community (almost 100% cooperation) got s
- Not spontaneous but not around using buses by carpooling. M
planned Economic impact on white community
Supreme court ­ Browder v. Gale S
MLK Emergence of MLK a
Little Rock 1957 The Little Rock Nine Southern attempt to avoid implementing C
Brown Ruling.…read more

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Economic and Social problems facing Northern blacks in the 1960's
Black Panther Party: Ten Point Programme.…read more

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Congress of Racial Equality
Protest against de facto segregation
Revived in 1961 by James Farmer, split over support for Black Power in 1966 and Farmer
resigned in disgust at violence by members
1968 moved back to moderate demonstrations
Brown v. Board of education 1954
Linda Brown should be allowed to attend her nearest school (all white) as it is unconstitutional not to
admit her.
equal protection argued under 14th amendment and required admission for children to all schools on
equal terms.…read more


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