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Acts, Amendments and Agencies Year Introduced Details


The Emancipation Proclamation 1862 Lincoln " Black people could n
and were free to leave their m

Freedman's Bureau 1865 Support for freed slaves in th
long term security.

Thirteenth Amendment 1865 Freed the Slaves

Civil Rights Act 1866 Should have granted legal…

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A Freedman could:




Situation in South after civil war

Law and order not restored for months
Military victory for the North
Forcible imposing of abolition of Slavery


Reconstruction

Republican Party acknowledged that blacks played a vital part in the American economy.
President Johnson's policy differed from Republicans, wanted to re-admit…

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Jim Crow Laws

Developed between 1887-1891
Introduced formal segregation

Jim Crow Stereotype:




Measures taken to remove black voting rights

Poll tax: Voter had to make monetary payment well in advance of voting
Property Qualifications: Could only vote if owned property
Literary Tests: included being able to interpret section of constitution,…

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How far did civil rights fail to develop 1877-1915?

Active political role at lower (and occasionally higher) levels of government disappeared
(Woodrow Wilson). No African Americans in Congress by 1915.
Black right to vote systematically removed in south by state laws, Literary tests etc.
As blacks disappeared from voting registers,…

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Supreme Court

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Event Date Key Figures Details I
Montgomery Bus 1955 Rosa Parks Attracted support within Montgomery's black L
Boycott - NAACP community (almost 100% cooperation) got s
- Not spontaneous but not around using buses by carpooling. M
planned Economic impact on white community
Supreme court ­ Browder v. Gale S…

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Economic and Social problems facing Northern blacks in the 1960's




Black Panther Party: Ten Point Programme.

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CORE

Congress of Racial Equality
1942
Protest against de facto segregation
Revived in 1961 by James Farmer, split over support for Black Power in 1966 and Farmer
resigned in disgust at violence by members
1968 moved back to moderate demonstrations



Brown v. Board of education 1954

Linda Brown should be…

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