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History Civil Rights: 1961-1968 Role of the Presidents




The Kennedy & Johnson Years
The Kennedy Years = 1961-1963
Cold War Context
Khrushchev was engaging in provocative tactics and preaching: "Peaceful co-existence".
Bay of Pigs in 1961, followed by Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 ­ ICBMs in striking dist.
Vietnam was…

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History Civil Rights: 1961-1968 Role of the Presidents




Concn: Used symbolic gestures and actions. A mix b/w Tr & Ei as he was symbolic and helped,
but would only help the CRM if forced, when he intervened though it was at least satisfactory.
Unlike Ei.
The Johnson Years = 1964…

Page 3

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History Civil Rights: 1961-1968 Role of the Presidents




passing of 3 CRAs. He decreased black unemployment by 34%. Of the 4 Presidents mentioned
on these factsheets he was the most effective and did the most for black people.




*Ke refers to Kennedy
*Tr + Ei refers to Truman and Eisenhower

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