Citizenship - Power, Politics and The Media

There are some keywords for the three topics and other little explanations. Hope it is helpful!

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  • Created on: 21-04-11 15:12
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Citizenship Revision ­ Power, Politics and the Media
The Media Keywords
Fact Something that is certainly true.
Opinion What you think of something, a belief or a judgement.
Bias To favour one thing over another unfairly (a one sided point of view).
Media Ways of communication with large numbers of people.
Freedom of Press The right of the press to publish what it wants without undue restriction,
intervention or fear.
Censorship Limiting the information given to the general public by for example removing
or banning anything that seems harmful.
Libel Writing incorrect things about people.
Slander Saying incorrect things about people.
Journalist A person who gathers and produces reports for the media.
Spin Doctor Someone who tries to get certain stories into the public eye and to make bad
news sound better.
Press Code Guidelines for the media and press journalist about the information they
gather and how they obtain and use it.
Press Complaints The Press Complaints Commission (PCC) is a regulatory body for British printed
Commission newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives for major
Ofcom The Office of Communication (Ofcom) is the independent telecommunications
regulator for the UK (this is where a person can make a compliant about TV).
Regulation Information
Newspapers are not subject to restrictions
TV is much more controlled and restricted
Freedom of Press
All adverts must be checked to make sure they maintain a decent standard.
Payments are sometimes made to persuade people to supply exclusive information.
The death of Princess Diana led to calls to limit press freedom.
There seems to be very little legislations to protect privacy.
Gagging A judge may issue this order to prevent the press form publishing certain
BBFC The board that censors and classifies film release
Defamation When the press publishes an article about someone which is untrue, they can
be sued for defamation.
Watershed A code of practice by which television companies agree not to screen
programmes unsuitable for children before 9pm.
ITC A committee that ensures that programmes are not offensive.
Liar Making false accusations or comments about someone.

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ATC The authority responsible for keeping a close watch in the techniques used for
sale promotion.
Pressure Groups
They are a group of people who try to change public opinion or government policy to their own
views/beliefs, they are also called interest groups, lobby groups and protest groups. An example of
a pressure group is Greenpeace an environmental pressure group and Amnesty International, a
human rights pressure group.
Lobby ­ Persuading politicians and civil servants to change the law.
Actions Taken by Pressure Groups:
1.…read more

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What do MPs do?
Make speeches and have debates
Represent their constituency
Campaign for things that affect you
Meet their voters and offer help or advice on problems or issues.
Promote their party in an election
Raise money for their party
Know about local, national and International issues
Make decisions in the public interest
Debate new laws and politics in the House of Commons.
Forward Plan A document that sets out the aims of the council in the long term.…read more

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Central Also known as national government, based in Westminster, where all major
Government decisions are made.
Local Government Government of a local area.
Anarchy No ruler ship or enforced authority, some countries descried this as chaos.
Absolute The king or queen rules and there are no laws or limits to what they can do.
Dictatorship One person rules the country and there are no laws or limits in what they can
do. The people don't choose this person.…read more

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How Laws are passed
1. Idea for a new law ­ Laws are made in Parliament. Before a law can be made, you must have
an idea for a law called a `bill'
2. Starts in one House ­ A bill can start in either House of Commons or House of Lords. It must
be discussed in both Houses before becoming a law.
3. First Reading ­ After the bill has been drafted it has its First Reading.…read more



Very concise.




is this for all the themes

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