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Cirrhosis of the liver
What is it?
Cirrhosis is a condition in the liver, where healthy tissues are damaged and replaced by
scarred tissues. This leads to blockage in the flow of blood. Unfortunately, the damaged
caused by cirrhosis is permanent.
What causes it?
The most common cause of cirrhosis is caused by heavy alcohol consumption and being
infected by a blood-borne virus called hepatitis C.
The least common cause- hepatitis B & D
NASH (Non alcoholic steatohepatitis)
NAFLD (Non alcoholic fatty liver disease)
Rare genetic conditions (e.g.- haemochromatosis)
Conditions that block the bile ducts
Budd-chiari syndrome (blockage of blood clots in the veins)
What are the symptoms?
no symptom at all
tiredness and weakness
loss of appetite
skin becomes very itchy
pain around the liver
tiny red lines (blood capillaries) on the skin above waist level
blotchy red palms
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loss of hair
oedema (a build-up of fluid in the legs, ankles and feet),
ascites (a build-up of fluid in your abdomen, makes one look heavily pregnant)
frequent nose and gum bleeding
cramps in the muscle
loss of sexual desire
fever and shivering attacks
memory loss or confusion
change in the personality
staggering when walking
increased sensitivity to alcohol and drugs
What treatments are there?
Cirrhosis can't be cured but can be…read more