Christo and Jeanne-Claude 'Wrapped Trees'

For my A levels i am using this as one of my artist studies that guide to me create my final piece. My school makes us write essays on each of the artist, heres mine.

It will help any of you using the artist to understand what the work is about and the ideas and effects of composition, colour and materials. This essay is on a project of wrapped trees done by the couple Christo and Jeanne-Claude.

Comment back on the it! Thank you :)

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Christo and Jean Claude were a couple who created environmental works of art by
wrapping forms to show their shapes rather than detail. They did projects such as wrapped
walkways, umbrella's, The Pont Neuf Wrapped and wrapped coast. Christo and Jean Claude's
first project together was in 1995 Der Reichstag "Dem Deutschen Volke" .I was particularly
interesting in their wrapped trees project which was carried out during 1998 when 178 trees
varying between 25 meters and 2 metres were wrapped with 592,015 square feet of woven
polyester and 14.3 miles of rope. By wrapping different things Christo and Claude gave the
object a new identity yet revealing some of the most elementary features and
quantities of the object by disguising the actual item.
The photography is structured so the trees are the main attraction and the negative
space and overlapping allows the object to be more observable and creates depth.
Christo and Claude themselves use one part of the environment, by doing so we see and
distinguish the whole environment with different eyes and a new consciousness. The
effect of this is long lasting as forms are naturally distorted using other materials
The woven polyester creates intense light and shadows among the forms showing where
the sun hits the material.
Land art is a form of modern art which uses natural materials such as rocks and soil as its
raw materials and is often inspired by natural progressions. I read that land art reflects a
general `back-to-the-land' reaction against the destruction of the countryside through
urbanization and industrialization. Land art increased in the USA in the 1960s and early
1970s, and soon became popular in other parts of the world. Leading Land artists in the USA
are Robert Smithson and Christo, and in the UK, Andy Goldsworthy and Richard Long.
Earth art and earthworks are generally limited to very large works, such as Smithson's Spiral
Jetty, a `road' of earth and rocks about 450 m/1,480 ft long, running out into the Great Salt
Lake, Utah.
On Christo and Jeanne Claude's website it states "All of Christo and Jeanne-Claude's projects
come from ideas from their two hearts, and two brains. The artists never create works that
come from other people's ideas. Never." The work of Christo usually involves wrapping
natural or artificial objects; however people regard their work to be too personal for it to
be described as Land art as land artists are normally inspired by natural progressions however
Christo and Jeanne-Claude focus on an objects new identity and use materials to wrap
objects to project their own ideas as well as only using one part of the environment and
therefore do not get their inspiration from anywhere other than each other's heart and
brain. However Land artists use the natural materials is their naked form to either change
them by cutting or reshaping them or creating something new using natural forms from the


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