Christianity: War, Equality and Predjudice and the Environment. GCSE

Revision summary of the GCSE christianity world religions OCR GCSE. Including case studies, quotes and important facts. Including: War, Equality and Predjudice and the Environment.

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R.E ­ Christianity
War, Peace and Human Rights
Holy War
Holy Wars are wars that are fought on behalf of God.
Holy Wars were fought to protect God's people or sacred land.
God commands `[I will] punish the people of Amalek because their ancestors opposed the
Israelites ... Now go and attack the Amalekites and completely destroy everything they have'
The most famous example of Holy war was the Christians wars (crusades) to recover
Jerusalem from the Muslims in the middle ages.
The crusades were a disaster and whole cities of people were slaughtered.
Holy war came about when the church gained political power.
Just War
The conditions of just war are:
1) The war must be started and controlled by the authority of state or ruler.
2) There must be just cause; those attacked must deserve it.
3) The war must be fought to promote good or avoid evil. Peace and justice must be
restored afterwards.
4) The war must be the last resort; all other possible ways of solving the problem have
been tried.
5) There must be `proportionality' in the way the war is fought, e.g innocent civilians
should not be killed. Only enough force should be used as is needed to achieve victory.
6) The good gained by the victory must be greater than the evil which lead to the war.
An army Chaplin has said that the army are an extension of the police force on an
international level and are only there to keep law and order and justice. Therefore Christians
need to help maintain justice in the world.
Many wars have been fought, including the two world wars, were people go to war
believing the wars are just and then by the end believe it fails to meet the conditions of just
war.
`Love thy neighbour' can be applied to protecting them by going to war.
`Do not kill' is not used in the bible when referring to war.
No War
Pacifist: is someone who believes that all war is wrong and who refuse to go to
participate in any fighting.
Quakers are recognised as the denomination most linked to pacifism.
Conscientious objectors are people who refuse to join the army on religious or ethical
grounds.
`Do not kill' is one of the ten commandments.
Jesus said `blessed are the peacemakers' and told his followers to turn the other cheek and
not to strike back.

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Jesus rejected the idea of revenge.
Pacifism
Quakers are a denomination who strongly feel pacifism is the only option.
Jesus was against war and revenge. `Love thy enemy'.
Christian pacifists argue that:
1) War is a waste of resources given by God.
2) War is a case of immense suffering, including the suffering of innocent people.
3) Encourages and exaggerates the baser and undesirable human instincts ­ greed, hatred
and prejudice.
Non-violent action is also used to fight for causes e.g.…read more

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There is a law in the UK that allows Christian churches to take people in who are wanted by
the government or police and give them sanctuary. They are only allowed to do this if they
believe that the person/s are being wronged by the state authorities.
Most Christians will argue that all people are created in God's image and therefore all people
are created equal and will be against racism.…read more

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God and Jesus are both referred to men many believe that men are closer to God than
women.
In the year 584 in the Church of Macon in France there was a vote that voted women were
human before that were considered to not have souls.
Many believe that women are equal as it is stated in the bible `there is... neither man nor
woman.…read more

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Responsibility for the Planet
Origins of the world and life
Christians believe in the creation story and that God created the world and all things in it.
Genesis:
26
Then God said, "Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may
rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild
animals,[a] and over all the creatures that move along the ground.…read more

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