Christianity- Belief about Deity

Revision notes for both short and long course GCSE Religious Studies.

Christianity- Belief about Deity

Belief in God.

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Christian belief about the nature of God:
Christians believe in one God ­ Monotheism. They believe that God is both:
Transcendent ­ Beyond space and time
Immanent ­ Present in all parts of the world.
Different characteristics of God -
Omnipotent ­ All-powerful
Omniscient ­ All-knowing
Omnibenevolent ­ All-loving
Omnipresent ­ Present everywhere
Eternal ­ Has no beginning or end
Holy ­ Special, separate, different, sacred etc.
Judge ­ Will judge everyone
Personal ­ Is interested in how people behave and wants them to treat each other properly
Active and sustainer ­ God is active in the world and is the sustainer of creation. Creation is
totally dependent on God for its existence moment by moment.
Creator ­ The creator of the world and everything in it
God is self existent ­ the uncaused cause
Absolute ­ He is necessary
Absolutely perfect
Trinity ­ This means that God is 3 in 1. God is a Father, a Son and a Holy Spirit. Each does
different thing although they all work together.
Father = Creator
Creator, power behind the world
Son = Saviour, redeemer
God coming in Jesus, working to bring the world back to himself
Spirit = Gives new life and makes holy (sanctifies)
Presence of God living inside people, bring them new life
Reasons given in support of belief by Christians:

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Theist ­ Someone who believes in God
Atheist ­ Someone who believes there is no God
Agnostic ­ Someone who is not sure about what to believe and believes they will never
know. They find it an interesting question.
Cosmological argument ­ The cosmological argument to prove the existence of God is
based in our experience of the world ­ and the questions it raises. These questions are
based on our experience of causation ­ that there is a chain of cause and effect.…read more

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Religious experience ­ occur commonly in for ways. For Christians mainly, but for other
religions as well, these are real. However for non-believers they are imaginary. They are:
1) Conversion experiences ­ God is `calling' them to report their sins and ask for
forgiveness.
2) Healing ­ God will heal people and answer prayers.
3) Visions ­ God has spoken in visions or dreams - they have seen angels, the Virgin Mary
or the resurrected Jesus.…read more

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Liberal = God is not found in the literal interpretation of the bible, but more in the messages
and underlying teachings.
Arguments against miracles ­
They go against the laws of nature and are therefore irrational
You should not trust testimony against others
People will always choose to find an exciting solution to events as humans love a good
story
Maybe they are an effect of the human mind
Definitions:
Creed ­ a statement of belief. It literally means, `I believe'.…read more

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