China- Development & Globalisation

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  • Created by: Vaneesha
  • Created on: 16-01-14 22:11
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Background info
How has their energy industry developed
How has their manufacturing industry developed
How has Chinas services industry developed
What are the potential risks to the growth of the Chinese economy
Assess the impact of their development and assess its sustainability
In 2009:
World's largest manufacturer
World's most populous country = 1.3 billion
World's biggest emitter of greenhouse gases
World's largest army = 2.3 million
World's largest number of landlines, mobiles and internet users
Why China?
Purchasing Power GDP per capita = uninterrupted growth from $250 to $6000
Proportion in poverty fallen from 60% to under 10%
Estimated to be over 800,000 millionaires in 2008
Economic expansion - high investment in infrastructure, FDI open door policy, economic zones,
consumers of Chinese, huge pool of low-wage and exports that undercut MEDCs
Internet and communication (internet users also increased - 2008 = 220 million)
Transport costs fallen in 2 decades
FDIs in China = 70% in manufacturing, in 2003 over 40,000 firms invested in China
Car industry developed
Urban Rich and Rural Poor:
By 2007 the richest 10% enjoyed 45% of all income = poorest 10% = 1.4% of income
Total number of rural poor has decreased from 250 million in 1978 to 30 million in 2006
Still around 700 million rural farm workers
6.5 million ha of farmland have been lost in last 20 years with no compensation
Environmental Payback:
3 days before Beijing Olympics = 91 on scale (50+ is high)
Huge efforts to clean up = 50% of city's car banned from driving every year
9/10 most polluted cities are in China
Acid rain falls in 30% of China
Air pollution costs China $25 billion a year
Air pollution kills 656,000 Chinese every year and polluted water = 95,000
2008 Milk Scandal = 6 child deaths and 300,000 people ill
2009 = world's largest producer of solar panels
Dependant on coal
Between 2004 and 2008 it doubled its installed wind power capacity
Strain beginning to show?
By 2008 the number living in urban areas have reached 570 million
Energy - 2005-8 new coal power stations every 10 days and coal demand doubled from 1990-07
Water - 2/3 comes from groundwater aquifer, around 60% of China's cities are short of water

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Ageing - 17% of pop expected to be over 60 by 2020
Freedom - Chinese Community Party, 1989 Beijing uprising (between 200-3000 people died)
Economy - exports dropped = global recession
Investing in Africa:
To secure resources, mainly oil - 30% of oil used in China comes from Africa
FDI from China to Africa rose from $75mil in 2003 to $400 mil
BY 2007 - totala investment = $30bn
Between 2007 - 08 trade rose by 45%
Greater Nile Pipeline opened in 1999
60-80% of…read more

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Industrialised regions around Guangzhou have too little energy
But there is little heavy industry located near major energy resources in the North
east, central and south west China
Electricity falls considerably short of demand because energy prices have been fixed so
low that industry has few incentives to conserve
Steel industry is important to any country wanting to industrialise
Many other sectors depend on steel as a raw material
1960's, China aimed to;
1.…read more

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Africans feel threatened by Chinese, losing income etc…read more


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