Childhood Revision Notes

Revision Notes On::

  • Western Notion Of Childhood
  • Childhood as a Social Construction
  • Has the position/status of childhood improved?
  • Disapperance/ end of childhood.
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  • Created by: Mel
  • Created on: 22-05-10 19:43
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Childhood ­ LT1
Western Notion of Childhood.
- Seperate time from adult hood. (happiness, innocence and no responsibility ­
child centredness)
- Seen as vunrable and need protecting.
- Laws to say what children can and cant do. (no paid work)
- Products made just for children. (toys, books, clothes)
Social Construction ­ something created and defined by society.
Cross Cultural Differences
- Children have responsibilty at an eary age. ( Rural bolivia children work at
home and in the comunity from age 5).
- Less value on chilren being obedient. (tikopia adults should not expect their
children to be obedient).
- International differences .
Historical Differences ­ (ARIES) 10th to 13th centry;; childhood didnt exist.
- Same laws and punishments applied to children and adults.
- Children would dress like adults.
- Childrens toys and games didnt exist.
­ 20th/21st centries;; disapearance/end of childhood.
- Childhood shortening ::
- Underage sex.
- Exposure to violent media.
- Anorexia.
- Self harm.
Inequalities between children
Childhood varies according to class, gender, and ethnicity.
Inequalities between children and adults
Childhood shaped by adults. (Space and movement, time, child abuse).

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Reasons for changes in the position of children during the 19th
(industrilisation) and 21st centuries.
Legal Changes
- Child labour laws ­ restricting & exclusing chilren from paid work = children
dependent on parents (economically).
- Compulsary schooling & the raising of the school leaving age ­ extended
period of dependency on parents (economically).
- Minimum age laws ­ sex & smoking laws reinforce that children are separate
from adults.…read more

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International differences ;; children in the third world have:
Hhigh infant mortality rates,
Experience alot of poverty,
Some become child soliders and prostitues.
2.…read more

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Palmer refers to "toxic childhood"
o Childrens physical, emotional and intellectional development is being
damaged because of::
- Junk food,
- Powerful media,
- Long working hours of parents,
- Over testing in schools.
o Toxic experience has resulted in::
Self harm,
Drug abuse,
Alcohol abuse,
Teenage pregnancies,
Anorexia .
Reasons for the disappearance of childhood.
Postman suggests that technogoly and media have eroded the boundary between
childhood and adulthood.…read more


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