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Child Development Revision Notes

1. Parenthood

The Family

A family is a group of people living together, usually related by blood marriage or adoption,
it may or may not include children.
Functions of a family
Provide and Protect
Educate and Encourage
Care and Love
Teach and Train
Think SPECT…

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They can choose when to visit the extended family
Disadvantages: Children may not have close relationships with their other relatives e.g.
Child care will have to be paid for
No family will be around for financial help
Extended Family: A large family group who all live together or locally…

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Family Structures:
There are more single parent and step families than 50 years ago, as the 1971 law made it
easier to do so, and divorce is more socially acceptable
There are more single parent and unmarried two-parent families because it is now more
socially acceptable to have children without…

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Factors to Consider when choosing Equipment
Size (may be too big for house)
Cost (may be too expensive)
Environmental Issues

Provisions of a safe environment:
Play equipment must be suitable for child's age and well-maintained
Bark chips or something similar should be on the floor…

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By 3, they explore more, risk of drowning or being hit by car
At 4, they are more independent, riding a bike, climbing trees-cuts

Accident Prevention:
Be aware of hazards in different environments
Supervise child
Use suitable equipment that has been approved for that age
Behave safely to set a…

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Stings Remove with tweezers if
possible, use anti sting
cream or calamine lotion

2. Pregnancy

The Menstrual Cycle:
1) Lining of uterus breaks down. Bleeding starts, lasts for 4-7 days.
2) Lining of the uterus builds up from ay 4-14 forms thick layer of blood vessels, ready to

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Types of What it does Advantages Disadvantages

Male Condom Sperm stopped -Available w/o -Must be put on and
from entering prescription an no removed carefully
vagina medication needed -Some people allergic to
-Protection against latex
pregnancy and STIs
-can be carried an
used whenever
Male Sterilisation Vas…

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IUD Implantation of -Excellent -No protection from STIs
any fertilised protection from -Additional bleeding an
eggs is unwanted cramps possible
prevented pregnancy -Small number of women
-No medication, allergic to copper
lasts 10 years
-More reversible
than sterilisation

Intrauterine Progesterone -Excellent -No protection from STIs
System slowly released, protection against…

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The Natural Relies on timing -Doesn't need -Needs careful monitoring of
Method of the menstrual medication or the woman's cycle
cycle supplies -No protection from STIs
-Can be used to -Unreliable
track fertility when
woman decides to
become pregnant

Withdrawal Penis removed -Always available -Requires discipline
method before man -No…

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Babies who are at risk should be given the hepatitis B vaccine at birth to prevent infection
and serious liver disease later on in life
If you get chickenpox while you are pregnant, the risk to the developing foetus is small,
however the child may develop shingles during their first…


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