Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Alkanes
Name Formula Diagram
Methane CH4 H
H-C-H
H
Ethane C 2H 6 H H
H-C-C-H
H H
Propane C 3H 8 H H H
H-C-C-C-H
H H H
Butane C4H10 H H H H
H-C-C-C-C-H
H H H H
Pentane C5H12 H H H H H
H-C-C-C-C-C-H
H H H H H
Straight alkanes follow the formula: CnH2n+2
Hexane! C6H14
Heptane! C7H16
Octane! C8H18
State
Methane, Ethane and Propane are gasses at room temperature. Pentane and above are
liquid at room temperature.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Alcohols
Name Long Formula Short Formula
Methanol CH3OH CH3OH
Ethanol CH3CH2OH C2H5OH
Propanol CH3CH2CH2OH C3H7OH
Butanol CH3CH2CH2CH2OH C4H9OH
Pentanol CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH C5H11OH
Hexanol CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2OH C6H13OH
Straight alcohol follow the formula: CnH2n+1OH
! ! !
H H
H H
H C O C
O H
H
H
H H
Water - H2O Methanol - CH3OH Methane - CH4
Replacing one H Replacing one H
by CH3 gives by -OH gives
Methanol Methanol
Alcohols can behave like the alkanes in that they are highly flammable.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acids have the functional group -COOH
Name Formula
Methanoic Acid HCOOH
Ethanoic Acid CH3COOH
Propanoic Acid C2H5COOH
O H
H C O
Methanoic Acid
O H
H
H C C O
H
Ethanoic Acid…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Preparation of Esters
An alcohol can react with a carboxylic acid to make esters. The reaction happens on
warming the alcohol and the acid in the presence of a little sulfuric acid to act as a catalyst.
O H H
H
H C O H
H C C O
H
H
Reactants: Ethanoic Acid + Methanol
H
H C C O
H
H H
H
O
O C H
H
Products: Methyl Ethanoate + Water
Reactions of esters do not go to completion.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Fats, oils and lipids.
Propan - tri - ol
H H H
H C C C H
O O O Ester Link
O C C C O
O
CH3COOH
C3H7COOH
C2H5COOH
3 carboxylix acids. These can be the same or different
Saturated and Unsaturated
Name Diagram Notes
Saturated H H H No double bond
H-C-C-C-H
H H H
Unsaturated H H Double bond(s)
H-C-C=C-H
H H .…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all resources »