Chemistry IGCSE - Full Syllabus Notes

Notes on the entire specification with diagrams for Edexcel Chemistry IGCSE. Sadly some of the notes require personal annotations, in Organic Chemistry and Chemistry in Society.

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Preview of Chemistry IGCSE - Full Syllabus Notes

First 389 words of the document:

Chemi
str
y Revi
si
on
N ot
es
Contents
Sect
ion
1:
Pri
nci
ples
of
Chemi
str
y
St
ates
of
Mat
ter
At
oms
Di
ff
usi
on
and
D i
l
u t
ion
Separ
ati
on
of
Mixt
ures
At
omi
c St
ruct
ure
Rel
ati
ve
Atomi
c Mass
(A)
r
El
ect
roni
c St
ruct
ure
Rel
ati
ve
For
mul
a Masses
and
Mol
ar
Vol
umes
of
G ases
The
Mol
e
Cal
cul
ati
ons
Chemi
cal
For
mul
ae
and
C hemi
cal
Equat
ions
Empi
ri
cal
For
mul
ae
Mol
ecul
ar
For
mul
a
Per
cent
age
Yiel
d
I
oni
c
Compounds
Coval
ent
Bondi
ng
Met
all
i
c Bondi
ng
El
ect
rol
ysi
s
Conduct
ivi
ty
I
ons
Pr
oduct
s of
El
ect
rol
ysi
s
El
ect
rol
ysi
s and
R edox
El
ect
rol
ysi
s cal
cul
ati
ons
The
C hl
orAl
kal
i
Indust
ry
Sect
ion
2:
C hemi
str
y of
t
he
Element
s
The
Per
iodi
c Tabl
e
Group
I
(The
Alkal
i
Met
als)
Group
VII
(
The
H al
ogens)
1

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Group
0 ­
The
N obl
e Gases
Oxygen
And
O xi
des
Hydr
ogen
and
Wat
er
React
ivi
ty
Ser
ies
Reduct
ion
and
O xi
dat
ion
Test
f
or
Ions
Sect
ion
3 ­
O r
gani
c Chemi
str
y
The
Alkanes
Nami
ng
H ydr
ocar
bons
Br
omi
nat
ion
I
somer
ism
Combust
ion
Al
kenes
Addi
ti
on
R eact
ions
Et
hanol
Fer
ment
ati
on:
Addi
ti
on
of
Steam
to
Ethene
Dehydr
ati…read more

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Sect
ion
5 ­
C hemi
str
y i
n Soci
ety
Ext
ract
ion
of
met
als
The
Blast
Fur
nace
Al
umi
nium
Ext
ract
ion
Uses
of
Ir
on
Uses
of
Alumi
nium
Crude
O i
l
Crude
O i
l
Processi
ng
Cracki
ng
Pol
ymer
isat
ion
Addi
ti
on
Drawi
ng
Pol
ymer
s
Condensat
ion
Pol
ymer
isat
ion
Chemi
cal
Manuf
act
ure
The
H aber
Process
The
C ont
act
Process
3…read more

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Section 1: Principles of Chemistry
States of Matter
STATE DESCRIPTION PROPERTIES AND EXPLANATIONS
4…read more

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Part
icl
es i
n cl
ose
contact
, Hi
g h
densi
ty,
cannot
be
compr
essed
and
has
a
t
hey are
arranged
in
a f ixed
shape.
l
att
ice.
Vibr
ate
around a
f
ixed
point.
Sol
id
As
the sol
id
is
hea t
ed,
the
par
ti
cles
ga i
n ki
neti
c
ener
gy, and
vibrat
e mo r
e
r
apidl
y.…read more

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Atoms
An
a t
om is
the
sma l
lest
par
ti
cle
of an
element whi
ch can
exist
. An
e l
ement
is
a subst
ance
c
o nt
aini
ng one ki
nd
o f
at
om.…read more

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Thi
s i
s used
to
se par
a t
e a
li
qu i
d
sol
vent
and a sol
ute.
The f
lask i
s
heat
ed,
ca usi
ng t
he solvent
t
o
boil
of
f.
The vapour
ri
ses,
pa sses
int
o
t
he condenser,
and i
s cool
ed ,
causi
ng i
t
to
con dense.
The l
iquid
wi
ll
r
un ne r
un off
.…read more

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Thi
s i
s used t
o separat
e
a
mixt
ure of
l
iqui
ds, based on
thei
r
di
ff
erent
bo i
l
ing poi
nts.
The
apparat
us i
s si
milar
to
simp l
e
di
sti
ll
ati
on,
b ut
al
so has a
f
ract
ionati
ng column between
t
he f
lask and
the condenser,
gi
ving
a l
a r
ge surf
ace area.…read more

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Atomic Structure
An
a t
om i
s the
sma l
lest
part
icl
e of
an
element
w hi
ch can
exi
st.
I
t
is
possi
ble
to
spli
t
an
atom
i
nto
sma l
l
e r
part
icl
es,
but
these wi
ll
no
longer
di
splay
the
proper
ti
es of
a
part
icul
ar
chemical
el
eme nt
.…read more

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Thi
s
can
be
cal
cul
ated,
i
f
the
isot
opes
and
thei
r
abundances
are
known:
Chl
ori
ne consi
sts
of
two i
sotopes,
chl
ori
ne35,
and
chl
ori
ne37.
75%
of
chl
ori
ne
atoms
are
Cl
35,
and
25% ar
e
C l
37.
R.A.
M. =
(75/
100)
x
35
+
(25/
100)
x
37
=
35.…read more

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