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Chemi
str
y Revi
si
on
N ot
es
Contents
Sect
ion
1:
Pri
nci
ples
of
Chemi
str
y
St
ates
of
Mat
ter
At
oms
Di
ff
usi
on
and
D i
l
u t
ion
Separ
ati
on
of
Mixt
ures
At
omi
c St
ruct
ure…

Page 2

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Group
0 ­
The
N obl
e Gases
Oxygen
And
O xi
des
Hydr
ogen
and
Wat
er
React
ivi
ty
Ser
ies
Reduct
ion
and
O xi
dat
ion
Test
f
or
Ions
Sect
ion
3 ­
O r
gani
c Chemi
str
y
The
Alkanes
Nami
ng
H…

Page 3

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Sect
ion
5 ­
C hemi
str
y i
n Soci
ety
Ext
ract
ion
of
met
als
The
Blast
Fur
nace
Al
umi
nium
Ext
ract
ion
Uses
of
Ir
on
Uses
of
Alumi
nium
Crude
O i
l
Crude
O i
l
Processi
ng
Cracki
ng
Pol
ymer…

Page 4

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Section 1: Principles of Chemistry

States of Matter




STATE DESCRIPTION PROPERTIES AND EXPLANATIONS




4

Page 5

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Part
icl
es i
n cl
ose
contact
, Hi
g h
densi
ty,
cannot
be
compr
essed
and
has
a
t
hey are
arranged
in
a f ixed
shape.
l
att
ice.
Vibr
ate
around a
f
ixed
point.

Sol
id


As
the sol
id
is
hea t
ed,…

Page 6

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Atoms
An
a t
om is
the
sma l
lest
par
ti
cle
of an
element whi
ch can
exist
. An
e l
ement
is
a subst
ance
c
o nt
aini
ng one ki
nd
o f
at
om. A
co mpound
is
two or
more
e l…

Page 7

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Thi
s i
s used
to
se par
a t
e a
li
qu i
d
sol
vent
and a sol
ute.
The f
lask i
s
heat
ed,
ca usi
ng t
he solvent
t
o
boil

of
f.
The vapour
ri
ses,
pa sses
int
o
t
he…

Page 8

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Thi
s i
s used t
o separat
e
a
mixt
ure of
l
iqui
ds, based on
thei
r
di
ff
erent
bo i
l
ing poi
nts.
The
apparat
us i
s si
milar
to
simp l
e
di
sti
ll
ati
on,
b ut
al
so has…

Page 9

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Atomic Structure
An
a t
om i
s the
sma l
lest
part
icl
e of
an
element
w hi
ch can
exi
st.
I
t
is
possi
ble
to
spli
t
an
atom
i
nto
sma l
l
e r
part
icl
es,
but
these wi
ll
no
longer…

Page 10

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Thi
s
can
be
cal
cul
ated,
i
f
the
isot
opes
and
thei
r
abundances
are
known:

Chl
ori
ne consi
sts
of
two i
sotopes,
chl
ori
ne35,
and
chl
ori
ne37.
75%
of
chl
ori
ne
atoms
are
Cl
35,
and
25% ar
e
C l
37.…

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