First 436 words of the document:
Charles Darwin was born on the 12th of February 1809 in Shrewsbury and died on the 19th of April 1882.
He is known for establishing the scientific theory that all species of life have descended over time from
common ancestors through a process called Natural Selection. The process 'Natural selection' or
'Survival of the fittest' means organisms who were fit for the conditions in an environment were in a likely
chance to survive and carry offspring's who were likely to survive as well.
Charles Darwin grew up in a wealthy family and he was the fifth of six Darwin children. At eight yearold
his mother died on the same July when he joined the school. For sometime he spent time as an apprentice
doctor with his father and later at the age of sixteen he went study medicine at the Edinburgh University.
There he found lectures dull and surgery distressing, so he ignored his study. The ignorance in medical
studies annoyed his father, who sent him to Christ's College, Cambridge and met Professor John Stevens
Henslow and other leading naturalists who saw scientific work as religious natural theology. While studying,
he started a beetle collection and kept up his love of nature.
In 1831 he was invited and accepted to a journey as an unpaid naturalist on the HMS Beagle for a five
year(18311836)scientific voyage around the world because the Captain needed a naturalist to accompany
him along the journey but he worked as a geologist spending time on land investigating geology and making
natural history collections. While in Punta Alta, Darwin discovered a
fossil he had never seen before. The fossil was located in a layer of
rock positioned under a layer of seashells, much like the layer he'd
discovered in Santiago. When he came to the Galapagos Islands. He
discovered that the animals on the Galapagos Islands were not quite like
the animals he had seen in South America. He noticed that each island
supported its own form of finch, which were closely related but
different in other ways like there peak they all meant a different types
of bird and jobs to do. Big peak would eat nuts while the small peak only ate seeds and worm fit for there
Upon returning to England in 1838, Darwin married his first cousin Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and
together they had ten children but only seven made it to mature ages.