Chapter 4 Human geography

GSCE students, Chapter 4 questions & answers.

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  • Created on: 10-11-12 13:28
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GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER 4. ANSWERS & QUESTIONS
1. Describe how relief can affect the population density of an area?
(4 marks)
Sparsely populated areas have high relief and high land is mountainous
and inhospitable, e.g. Himalayas, whereas densely populated areas have
low relief, due to low land which is flat and is more habitable e.g. Ganges
Valley in India
2. Outline other factors that affect world population density? (3
Marks)
Good job opportunities can lead to densely populated areas, e.g.
London, Manchester.
Good supply of natural resources can lead to a densely populated area.
3. Suggest reasons to explain why the death rate is decreasing in
stage 2 of the DTM? (3 Marks)
Health care may have been improved, e.g. free vaccinations and more
doctors, also living conditions improved.
4. What is meant by the term youthful population? (2 Marks)
A population with a high percentage of young people, usually under the
age of 16
5. Explain the positives and negative consequences (impacts) of a
youthful population? (4 Marks)
Positives
A large population of youths will enable a large active workforce which will
be available to aid economic growth in future. Many children to look after
their parents this means that money does not need to be spent on care for
elderly.
Negatives
However this also means that a large percentage of under 15's in LIC's
puts a strain on economy (especially with food, education and health)

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Lastly it causes a large work force who cannot get jobs leads to begging in
the streets
7. Suggest reasons why some Low Income Countries have a high
birth rate? (4 Marks)
LIC's commonly have a high birth rate due to lack of contraception
because of poverty, no money so therefore contraception is not available.
Secondly women tend to want more children to work on the land,
agricultural reasons. Lastly large family size is a form of insurance to
provide welfare for parents
8.…read more

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Suggest reasons for the distribution of population in Wales? (4
Marks)
11. Choose one country with an ageing population, Explain the
advantages of an ageing population for this country (6 Marks)
Japan is an ageing population, this comes with many advantages such as
the greying yen.…read more

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UK are that transport links are difficult due to the mountains, this means
low density in places like Scotland. Central Wales has a low density
because it has high relief and weather is not good, also transport is very
difficult due to the remoteness.
14. Outline one human reason why some areas are sparsely
populated? (2 Marks)
Work may not be available so people are less likely to move as they will be
unemployed
15.…read more

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ANSWERS TO OTHER QUESTIONS ARE IN BOOK.…read more

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