Challenges of living in the built environment

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GCSE Geography (WJEC B)- Theme 1 ­ The Built Environment Glossary card
Asylum seeker- A person who applies to live in a new country to avoid
persecution in the country
they are trying to leave.
Census data -The information gained from an official population count.
CBD -The Central Business District is the main commercial and shopping area of a
Community -A group of people usually living in the same area who share a common
origin,culture or religion.
Commuter -Someone who lives some distance from the workplace and who travels
daily to and from work.
Council housing -A type of housing tenure where the houses are owned by local
government and are rented to the people who live in them.
Counter- urbanisation- The process by which an increasing number of people
within a country live in the countryside as opposed to towns and cities. This could
be the result of natural increase and/or migration.
Economic migrant -A person who moves to another place in the hope of gaining a
higher standard of living.
High order goods -Items which are bought infrequently and are often expensive.
They are sometimes called comparison goods.
High range Goods or services- have a high range when people are prepared to
travel long distances to reach them. This usually applies to high order goods.
Honeypot -site An attractive place where, because of its popularity,
environmental damage may be caused by excessive use.
Housing tenure- The conditions under which a household inhabits its home. Common
forms of housing tenure include owner occupied, privately rented, and council
Indicators of development -Those factors which can be measured to show the
degree of development of a country or region.
Infant mortality- The number of deaths per 1000 live births of children before
their second birthday. Infant mortality is often used as an indicator of
development for a country or region.
Inner city -The zone surrounding the CBD in a city. Although traditionally areas
of low quality housing in MEDCs, these are areas of rapid change and development.
Labour intensive- Industries which rely on people rather than machines to provide
the effort to produce their goods or deliver their services.
Low order goods- Items which are bought frequently and which are usually cheap.
They are sometimes called convenience goods.
Low range Goods or services- have a low range when people are prepared to
travel only short distances to reach them. This usually applies to low order goods.
Migrants People who move from one place to live in another.
Migration -The process of moving from one place to live permanently or
semi-permanently in another place.
Quality of life -The happiness, well-being and satisfaction of a person. Among the
many factors that influence quality of life are the person's family, income and
access to services.

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Refugees -People who move, usually to another country, in order to escape
religious or political persecution or other life-threatening situations. Asylum
seekers are refugees.
Self-sufficient -A situation where a person or a community provides all basic
needs without having to trade with groups outside that community
Standard of living -Those factors which affect a person's quality of life and
which can be measured. Many measures of a person's standard of living are to do
with possessions.…read more


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