Cell Organelles full notes BIO1 notes

notes with i made for myself in a table summarising all of the organelles and their functions 

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Organelles
Main
Features
Job
Picture
organelle
Nuclear
Double
membrane
that
Controls
the
entry
and
exit
envelope
surrounds
the
nucleus.
if
materials
in
and
out
of
Its
outer
membrane
is
the
nucleolus
and
contains
continues
with
the
the
reactions
taking
place
rough
endoplasmic
within
it
reticulum.
Nuclear
pores
Around
3000
pores
in
Allows
the
passage
of
large
The
Nucleus
each
nucleus,
each
40- molecules
such
as
mRNA
100nm
in
size
out
of
the
nucleus
Chromatin
and
Jelly
like
material
that
is
Contains
the
genetic
nucleoplasm
the
bulk
of
the
nucleus
information
within
the
nucleus
Nucleolus
Small
spherical
body
Ribosome
factory
within
the
nucleoplasm
Manufactures
ribosomal
RNA
and
assembles
the
ribosomes
The
Mitochondria
Double
membrane-
Mitochondria
are
the
sites
Mitochondrion
surrounds
the
of
certain
stages
of
organelle;
the
outer
one
respiration.
controls
the
entry
and
exit
of
materials.
The
They
are
therefore
inner
folded
to
form
responsible
for
the
extensions
called
production
of
the
energy
cristae.
carrier
molecule
ATP
from
carbohydrates.
Cristae-
shelf
like
extensions
if
the
inner
Because
of
this,
the
membrane,
these
number
and
size
of
the
provide
large
surface
mitochondria,
and
the
area
for
the
attachment
number
of
cristae
all
of
enzymes
involved
in
increase
in
cells
that
have
a
respiration
high
level
of
metabolic
activity
Therefore
in
need
Matrix-
makes
up
the
of
a
plentiful
supply
of
ATP.
remainder
of
the
mitochondrion.
Examples
are
epithelial
Contains
protein,
lipids
cells-
these
use
a
lot
of
and
traces
of
DNA
that
energy
in
the
process
of
allows
the
mitochondria
absorbing
substances
from
to
control
the
the
lumen
of
the
intestine
production
of
their
own
by
the
use
of
active
proteins.
The
enzymes
transport
witch
requires
that
are
involved
with
energy.
respiration
are
found
in
the
matrix

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Rough
The
endoplasmic
Has
ribosomes
present
endoplasmic
reticulum
is
an
on
the
surface
of
the
reticulum
elaborate
three
membranes:
dimensional
system
of
Provides
a
large
surface
sheet
like
area
for
the
synthesis
of
membranes,
proteins
and
spreading
through
the
glycoproteins
.
cytoplasm
of
the
cells.
Provide
a
pathway
for
the
transport
of
It
is
continuous
with
materials,
throughout
Endoplasmic
the
outer
nuclear
the
cell.
reticulum
Smooth
membrane.…read more

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Lysosomes
Lysosomes
Formed
when
the
Break
down
material
vesicles
produced
by
ingested
by
pathogenic
Golgi
apparatus
cells,
such
as
white
blood
contain
enzymes
such
cells
as
protease
and
Release
enzymes
to
the
lipases.
As
many
as
50
outside
of
the
cell
such
enzymes
may
be
(exocytosis)
in
order
to
contained
in
a
single
destroy
material
around
lysosome.
Up
to
the
cell
1.…read more

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