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1 Government Policy 2 Refusal of miners & mine owners to co-
· Gold Standard: 1925 ­ Churchill returned operate after Samuel Report
Britain to Gold Standard, value returned · Neither side agreed full with the report.
to pre-war value (make it more secure), · Mine owners made their own list of
pound was expensive ­ exports too requirements ­ threatening a lock out if
expensive and buyers went away from refused.
British coal ­ poor economic growth &
· Miners refused ­ subsequent lock out
unrest in coal industry.
from 1st May 1926.
· Dawes Plan: 1925 ­ Allies create Dawes
· Miners turned to General Council, bring
Plan (reparation scheme for Germany)
out all trade unions in sympathy and
Germany allowed to re-enter international
coal market & give free coal to Italy and
France to pay some debt ­ Britain left · No compromise reached & two days later
without customers as German coal was General Strike began.
· Samuel Report: Allowed Government to
buy time (9 months), appeared to help &
offer a peaceful solution ­ rejected by
miners and mine owners, miners didn't
want long hours & mine owners didn't
want increase in wages ­ caused creation
of mine owners list of term and lock outs.
· Daily Mail Printers: Baldwin refused to talk
to them ­ illegal strike (against strike
article & they refuse to print it).…read more

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3 Unrealistic & naïve views of TUC 4 Long term problems between miners
· 1925, as immediate result of Samuel and mine owners
Report miners refuse to accept wage cuts. · Historic constant disputes between
· June 1925 ­ TUC promised to support miners and mine owners ­ witnessed in
miners through their struggle. 1921 after nationalisation, mines handed
· Government offered compromise & back to owners (wanted longer hours and
subsidies for nine months, promised to set lower wages, based on district not
up a commission of enquiry under Sir national agreement).
Herbert Samuel. · April 1921 Black Friday ­ miners carried on
· TUC believed they had won & had with railway and transport workers for
Government on their side. many months.
· Behaved naively in months before strike ­ · Constant tense relationship led to miners
thought they would get full Government looking for any opportunity to strike ­
backing again. tense relationship that could break at any
· Overconfidence in what they could point.
achieve `not a penny off the pay, not a · Sankey Commission ­ Government
minute off the day' ­ began strike with refused nationalisation.
unrealistic aims.…read more

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5 Long term poor conditions in mines
· 1914 ­ pre-war miners wages cut and
hours lengthened.
· No money for new machinery, by 1926
equipment that Britain had within the coal
industry was outdated ­ considering
Britain was a leading country in coal
industry revolution.
· Coal mines very dangerous: flooding,
cave-ins, carbon monoxide poisoning,
methane poisoning ­ led to them
becoming restless & angered due to poor
treatment.…read more


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