Causes of stress

Geer and Maisel: Lack of control

Johanssan: Work stres

Kanner et al: Hassles and Uplifts

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  • Created on: 27-03-12 12:26
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1 Madiha Intikhab
Stress Revision- Causes of Stress
Johansson Swedish Sawmill study + Work Stress
Work Stress: Is a common type stress caused by high responsibility
and repetitive tasks. The more delegation in the job, the more
stress you are likely to have. However as shown in Johansson study,
High risk workers are more likely to develop stress at the workplace
and workers will less delegation and easier tasks will be more likely
to have stress at home.
Aim: measure and compare physiological
measures or stress with psychological
measures of stress in two different types of
employees working in a Swedish saw mill
Methodology: Quasi experiment design with
workers defined as high risk or control. Data
was collect through physiological measures
of urine sample in measuring adrenaline
levels to estimate stress levels and
psychological measures of self report.
Participants: 14 high risk group workers with highly delegated roles
showing more responsibility and repetitive tasks. They had a hard
job as they had to have a depth of knowledge about raw materials
and the job was very repetitive. The high risk groups were
responsible for the wages of the whole workforce and even the
control groups. (Performance related pay). There were 10
participants in the control group and they were cleaners or
maintenance workers.
Design: Independent measures design. The two conditions were
high risk group or control.
Procedure: participants gave daily urine samples 5 times a day to
measure stress levels at different times of day
They were also to complete self report to measure mood, caffeine
and nicotine consumption, alertness where words such as
sleepiness and irritation were used.
Baseline reading taken at workers home included adrenaline levels
from urine tests, body temperature taken during urine tests and

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self report measure measuring, mood, alertness, caffeine and
nicotine consumption and .
Findings: When arriving at work urine samples were collected and it
was found that high risk workers were most stressed at this time.
The stress levels for these workers increased throughout the day.
Johansson also found that control group of cleaners and
maintenance workers were most stressed at home (baseline) and
this decreased throughout the day.…read more

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Hassles: These are small or big problems. Small problems can
combine together to develop one large stress. As Seen By Kanner et
Aim: the aim of Kanner Et Al study was to compare the Hassles and
Uplifts Scale with the Berk men Life events scales in measuring
symptoms of stress.
Methodology: Repeated measures design.
Participants were asked to take part in two
conditions.…read more

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The more hassles that were reported, the more negative
psychological symptoms
Hassles correlated positively with psychological symptoms of
stress than life events
Conclusion: Hassles are a more powerful indicator of psychological
symptoms of stress than life events.
Geer and Maisel-Lack of control
Lack of control: this aspect of causes of stress is when you are in
really bad stress and it cannot be sorted out.…read more

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there would be a tone that would be preceded by the images
Group3: control: were told that from time to time they
would hear tones and see images.
Procedure: Participants were seated in a sound proof room and
were wired up to GSR and heart rate monitors
Participants were communicated and told instructions through an
intercom.…read more



this is really good, the pictures are helpful. 

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