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Catholicism 166778

English Catholics

Approximately 14,000 Catholics in England and Wales, numbers were scattered across
the country but there were clusters in London, which alarmed MP's.

Hostility towards Catholicism


Catholics were seen as a threat to national security (Gunpowder plot, Spanish
There was hostility towards them because of…

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Suspended penal laws and fuelled fears of Charles extending his prerogative

The Test Act 1673

This act imposed oaths to exclude Catholics from public office.
Public office holders had to swear the oaths of supremacy and
allegiance. They also had to make a declaration of
Transubstantiation (< rejection of…


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