Casestudy earthquakes

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  • Created on: 10-05-14 09:16
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San Fernando valley Haiti Loma Prieta Mexico City Bam
California USA San Francisco Iran
WHEN? January 17th 1994 January 12th 2010 October 17th 1989 September 19th 1985 December 26th 2003
WHY? Occurred on a blind thrust fault Occurred on a blind thrust fault Situated near pacific plate Situated on three plate Situated where the
sliding past the N. American boundary's and on a hidden Eurasian plate meets the
plate (conservative plate fault Arabian plate
boundary) San Andreas fault Built on drained swamps Blind fault line
and lakes amplifying eq. 6x
­ liquefaction
WHAT? - Magnitude 6.7 hit San - Magnitude 7 hit near - Magnitude 6.9 under Loma - Magnitude 8 - Magnitude 6.6
Fernando LÉOGÂNE 16 miles from Prieta mountain - 250 gas mains broken - 85% of buildings
- Lasted 20 seconds PORT-AU-PRINCE - Lasted 15 seconds - Hospitals collapsed ­ 58 collapsed due to poor
- Grounded acceleration - $100 million in aid from the - Plates moved 6 feet babies found alive in the design (mud brick walls
strongest ever recorded USA and $330 million by the - Gas and water pipes bust ­ pile of ruins with cement sealing walls
- RED CROSS dispatched 15,000 EUROPEAN UNION 30+ fires, unable to put them - Building regulations were crumbles roof just
trained relief workers to help - Diseases broke out due to high out not met by some builders dropped)
22,000 refugees in 47 shelters number of bodies stacked on a - 2 mile section CYPRUS - Both hospitals destroyed
- $7.5 billion given in aid from road side ­ cholera FREEWAY collapsed, 42 died - Water and electricity cut
federal government - Transport and communication in bridge off
links were badly damaged - Quick almost immediate - Badly organised search
response and rescue ­ took 24hrs+,
- Bay area built on top of 660 country set in aid
landfill ­ unsteady workers and 40 countries
donated short term aid
WHO? - 61 dead, 7,300 injured - 220,000 dead, 300,000 - 63 dead - 9,500 dead, 30,00 injured - 31,000 dead
- 200 buildings damaged injured - 28,000 buildings damaged - 100,000 left homeless - 30,000 injured
- 23 hospitals forced to suspend - 105,000 houses destroyed - Total cost $10 million - Caused $3-$4 billion - 75,600 homeless
services - 70% of population now jobless - 10,000 homeless - 60% buildings destroyed - 50% of medical staff
- 5,899 died due to cholera and in CUIDAD GUZMAN dead or missing
- 216,000 were infected by July - Total cost $32.7 million
2011

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