Case Study Tourism in an LEDCs Kenya

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Case Study: Tourism in LEDCs p203205
What are the main physical and human features people go to Kenya?
Wildlife parks on the plateau
The coastline of the Indian Ocean
What are the advantages of tourism for the people of Kenya?
11% of total wage employment is accounted for by tourism. The industry also acts as a
catalyst for development in related sectors such as agriculture, horticulture, transport and
What are the problems of tourism (consider social, environmental and economic)?
1) Falling numbers of tourists
Numbers of visitors have fallen since the peak of 900 000 in 1990 and crashed in the
second half of 1997. The economic consequences are going to be severe.
2) Damage to the environment
On the reeds, boats drop their anchors into the coral which is a fragile, living community.
People walk on the coral and some tourists take pieces of coral away as souvenirs. In the
game parks, drivers are keen to get as close as possible to the animals disturbing them. They
also churn up the ground in the wet season and the grassland is changed into a `dust bowl' in
the dry season.
3) Conflicts with local people
There are conflicts between local tribespeople, the Masai, and the Kenyan authorities.
When the game parks were set up, the Masai were driven off the land to make way for wild
animals. Acute shortages of grazing land, coupled with rapid population growth, have forced
farmers to move closer to the edges of the parks. Elephants trample their crops, Lions eat
their cattle. Villagers and tribespeople are injured or sometimes killed by wild animals, but
they are not allowed to kill them. Few of these people gain anything from tourists visiting
Kenya. The one hope is that soon, with new attitudes associated with ecotourism, there
might be an opportunity for groups such as the Masai to benefit from tourism for the first


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