Case Study Drought, MEDC

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  • Created on: 01-10-12 17:42
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Case Study:
Australia Drought
Tick Managing Managing the Managing change in
economic physical environment the human
development environment
Section of the syllabus NATURAL
HAZARDS
Location Town/city/region Country Continent
T:
C: Australia Australia
R: Australia
What What are the
Drought causes?
This was
caused by El
When
Niño. A strong
20052006
El Niño effect
caused a
Why reversal in
El Nino normal winter
ocean current
Facts and figures patterns in the
6 million Pacific Ocean.
sheep died in Normally there
2 years is warm water
in the western
ocean off the
coast of
Australia and
cooler water in
the east off
Peru and
Chile. Strong
trade winds
carry moist air
across the
ocean and
convection
currents form
above the
warm water
and result in

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Australian
coast.
Occasionally
this situation is
reversed and
the cooler
water occurs
off this stretch
of coast. The
trade winds
are weaker
and this results
in droughts.…read more

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Farmers had
to sell their
land and find
new work
elsewhere
Temporary
migrations
Floods
Keywords: El Niño (
reversal in wind
direction in the
normal winter ocean
current patterns in the
Pacific Ocean),…read more

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