Case Study - Drought, Ethiopia, 2006

A climatic hazard in an LEDC - drought in ethiopia

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  • Created on: 03-06-11 15:10
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A climatic hazard in an LEDC
Drought in Ethiopia, 2006
Population: 77.7 million, of which over 85% live in rural areas. Life
expectancy 43 years
Area: 1.2 million square kilometres ­ almost 5 times the size of the
Wealth: one of the five poorest countries in the world
Landscape: rugged highlands, particularly to the centre and west
of the country, with lower lands to the east and south.
Climate: seasonal rainfall with long rains from March to the end of
May and short rains from September to October.
Agriculture: traditional farming methods with little technology.
Employment: over 80% of the population live in rural areas and
rely on farming for a living.
Civil War: between 1998 and 2000 a violent civil war between two
regions stopped any development, cost millions of pounds and left the country devastated.
Health: 2-3 million people suffer from HIV/AIDS. Only 20% of the population has access to safe drinking water.
Aid: Ethiopia gets more relief aid than any other LEDC. Drought conditions have developed every few years since the 1970s. In
1984-85, 8 million people died.


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