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Case study: desertification in Nara, Mali

Background

Desertification traced back to severe drought in 1961-73
2 socio economic groups: agro pastoralists (sarakole) - sedentary, grow
crops, keep livestock and rely on direct rainfall. Nomadic pastoralists
(falani) ­ continually move livestock to find food and water.
Semi arid region of landlocked…

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Livestock produce less milk and offspring

Long term

Overgrazing reduced plant and animal biodiversity
Increased incidence of poverty and famine
Wildlife has disappeared (rabbit and antelopes used to be a good food
source for people)

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