Case Study Changes in Industrial Location in the UK

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Case Study: Changes in industrial location in the UK p182183
Why has there been a growth in out of town locations?
The traditional location for manufacturing industry is near to the centre of towns and cities.
What are the advantages of Greenfield sites over brown field sites?
Cheaper land
More space
Closer to motorways
Less traffic congestion
Easier to landscape to create a pleasant environment
What are science parks?
Science parks are attractive landscape areas for hightech companies which may be linked
with a university. The idea of science parks came from the USA. Unlike business parks
these always have a direct link with a university.
Why has there been a decline in heavy industries? Which areas were affected?
Failure to modernize made the shipbuilding industry unable to compete with East Asian
shipyards. Those heavy industries that have survived, such as steel have undergone such
great changes that they are barely recognisable as the same industries.
The decline of coalmining and heavy industries mainly affected the northern and western
parts of Britain.
Where have footloose industries located? Why?
Footloose industries are light or hightech industry which has considerable freedom in
location. The preferred location being is the south east, where unemployment rates were
lower anyway.
Explain how government assistance affects the location of industries?
The UK government and the EU have regional policies through which financial and other
forms of assistance can be given to areas of job losses. This is an example of a political
factor influencing industrial location. Without it, Central Scotland, northeast England and
South Wales would become industrial deserts.

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