Case studies of Hurricanes, storms, climate change and wet and dry climate

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  • Created on: 10-05-14 09:04
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Hurricane Katrina Hurricane Nargis
New Orleans Ayeyarwady Delta
When? August 23rd 2005 (pass over new Orleans on the April 27th 2008
Why? Category 3, 175mph winds affected 90,000 Category 3, 135mph winds. Started as an
square miles. A hurricane created over the intense tropical depression in the Bay of Bengal.
Bahamas due to the warmth of the sea creating The warm water increased the low pressure
more convection and rising air. 3rd strongest system and it intensified becoming a category
hurricane to hit US. 3/4 on the saffir-simpson scale.
What? - Mayor issued a warning for people to leave - It changed direction and began to track
however not everyone had the means to towards the Ayeryarwady delta. The Burmese
- Storm surge created covering 80% of New government did not warn its people.
Orleans - Slow response due it military government not
- Two levees broke allowing for more water to wanting help from other and believing it could
come in help its own country by itself. > Nine days after
- Slow response -> took 5 days for the military to it hit they accepted aid from close countries
step into action such as India and Bangladesh; however it took a
- Violence and urban warfare broke out further ten days for them to allow for a team of
- Tourists snuck out in case of an attack from 50 Indian medical personnel.
armed citizens > only 25% of people received aid who
- injured people taken to hospitals further afield needed it within the first two weeks
however they became inundated very quickly - 600mm of rain fell causing extra flooding
> 220miles of floodwall and levees
strengthened and rebuilt
Who? 1800 dead 140,000 dead
96 tourists missing 50,000 missing
2 policeman committed suicide and other 65% of paddy fields destroyed
95% of housing destroyed on delta, 75% inland
abandoned their post
Cost $81.2 billion - $16.7 billion in rebuilding Cost $10billion
damaged housing
1.3 million acres of forestry destroyed

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An independent report was done to urge the UN
Security council to take the Burmese government to
international court for crimes against humanity.
The Great Storm Storm Surge Flooding of the Somerset levels
Worst hit Shoreham in Sussex East coast of England
When? October 15th-17th 1987 December 5th 2013 Winter of 2013-14 (October to February)
Why? 130km/h winds with warm front and 185km/h Low pressure systems cause air above the sea to rise Series of depressions passing over the
winds with the cold front.…read more

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Stock market trading suspended twice Flight cancelations in Scotland due to winds - Farmers struggling to feed livestock as
Changed the way we predict weather > look at 1,700 homes flooded roads closed> had to sell them no shelter or
satellite images > improved communication food for them due to flooding
through the national severe warning service
Cost £10million - £1.2million financial and
productivity loss
Impacts and responses to Climate change
Sahel UK Globally
15°-20°N 50°-59°N
Overview Rainfall fluctuates naturally within this area.…read more

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One in six trees has died since 1950 Hotter summers projected to increase heat - Ice caps melting which is leading to an increase in
Temperature increased by 0.8°C related deaths> 1100 premature deaths to sea levels (19cm already, by 2100 further 50cm)
NIGER 10-20% decrease in rainfall by 2050 5100 premature deaths by 2050 - A sea level rise of 40% would put 11% of Bangladesh
under water creating 7-10 million refugees
CHAD 0.6°-1.…read more

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USA and Australia
Also Canada pulled out because it wasn't going
to reach its target and didn't want to fined
Earth Attended by most countries.…read more

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What? It's a transitional period between the
equatorial wet climate and the desert dry
It has marked dry and wet seasons
90% of rainfall is in the wet season
It includes the Sahel, savannah and the
beginnings of the rainforests such as The
Congo Rainforest
TIMBUKTU 4 month wet season (184mm),
average temperature of 26°C (17°N)
MONGU 7 month wet season (959mm),
average temperature of 21°C (15°N)
BAMBARI 10 month wet season (1471mm),
average temperature of 25° (5°N)…read more


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