Case Studies for Human Geography - Conflict and World cities

Includes case studies and examples that directly relate to AQA Unit 3 Human geography. Lots of facts and figures, a few gaps though! Hope it helps, it's literally crammed with facts and examples on conflict and world cities to hopefully guarantee some extra marks in an exam. Also relavent to other topics as there is naturally some cross over.

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 11-06-13 20:38

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Case Studies
key: Social issues Economic issues Environmental issues Political issues
Dharavi ­ LEDC Urbanisation (impact of population growth)

One of Asia's largest slums, located in the centre of Mumbai, India's financial capital.

Dharavi is old swampland ­ poor land for developing
1 million inhabitants live in `informal housing' ­…

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1966 ­ Slum clearance of inner city back to back housing which was built to house workers in
industrial revolution. Clearance of 78'000 residential properties. High rise flats built quickly to
house the `poorest poor', low quality materials. 60 tower blocks providing 5500 homes.
Poor standard. Economic decline 80's and…

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Bayston Hill ­ MEDC Counterurbanisation

Traditionally agricultural village near Shrewsbury, that joins to the main trunk road A49
to Shropshire and Shrewsbury.
CAUSE Underwent population grows due to 19th century migration for coal mining
and quarrying. 1901 popn was 870. 1961 was just under 2000. In the year 2000 pop…

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Improving Rio's Favelas ­ Roçinha

Self-help scheme
- Small scale
- Local Skills used to upgrade neighbourhood
- Government provides materials eg. Cement bricks
- Sustainable ­ less vandalism, pride in neighbourhood, cheaper local skills used
- 75% homes in Rocinha now have electricity because of scheme

Site and Service…

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Urban Regeneration POSITIVE NEGATIVE

London Docklands Leeds Redevelop Hulme, Notting Hill, London
LDDC established in Council scheme to Inner city Gentrification by
1981 - private investors improve appearance of regeneration individuals due to
£440 million to combat city and bring life back to scheme started in increased status.

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Sustainable cities
Curritiba, Brazil

Environmental Preservation ­ 16 parks, 14 forests. Each inhabitant has 52m of green
space each
Green exchange ­ low income families can exchange waste and recyclables for bus
tickets, food and school uniforms
70% waste recycled by inhabitants ­ recycling of paper saves 1200 trees/day

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Waste Management
Züri-Sack, Zürich, Switzerland

Designed to change consumption habits and make people aware of useage
Single waste sack given to 97% of households weekly. Incinerated when full
Most waste recycled at 160 points within the city
£150 fine if more than one sack filled

Waste to Energy, Copenhagen


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ONGOING Libya Syria Somalia Sudan

Nature Opposing rule Insurgency Territorial

Status Civil war, Civil war, Intra state,
ongoing, ongoing ongoing, armed
Participants NTC (governing Transitional Governements
body opposing Federal of Sudan and
Gadaffi's rule) Government of South Sudan,
Colonel Somalia, Islamic several armed
Muammar Courts Union rebel groups

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1980's Saddam Hussein wetland draining.

Indirect impacts

East Timor ­ 1/4m people displaced, Syria 4m. Changing popn pressure on land
Overgrazing over cultivation and deforestation ­ East Timor 1975, 50% covered in
forest. In 2000 only 2% covered.
2010 300'000 U18's fighting in wars
500'000 rapes during the Rwandan genocide…

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High population density leading to poor living conditions, greater spread of disease,
high IM rate, water shortages, shortages of resources such as medicines and
healthcare as the resources will not stretch, little money to upgrade.
Unequal distribution of resources
Security wall increased the security for Israel but prevents communications



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