carbohydrates

Basic carbohydrates, monomers reactions etc

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CARBOHYDRATES
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
A glucose=
reducing sugarsmonosacarides e.g glucose and fructose
Dissacarides include maltose and sucrose.
#Formed by condensation reactions.
MALTOSE=REDUCING SUGAR
Sucrose=Non reducing sugar
Polysaccarides= starch, glycogen and cellulose
Glycogen and starch formed from aglucose molecules
Starch=long chain of aglucose joined by condensation
reactions.

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Glycogen=similar but has more side chains, compact
molecules and are insoluble in water
STARCH AND GLYCOGEN used as energy storing
molecules.
CELLULOSEformed from bglucose. (bglucose similar to but
hydgrogen and hydroxyl groups arranged differently(isomers)
Forms bundles called microfibrils.…read more

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