Slides in this set
Cairo is the capital city
Egypt and is the largest
city in the Arab World. It is
nicknamed "The City of a
Thousand Minarets" for its
dominance of Islamic
architecture, Cairo has
been the centre of the
region's political and
cultural life.…read more
With a population of 17,035,000 spread out over 214 square kilometres, Cairo is
by far the largest city in Egypt. Egyptians make up the majority of the population
It ranks 16th amongst the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
Inner city population in Cairo is swelling daily with the influx of workers from the
Approximately 62.9% of the total population in Cairo fall in the age group of 15-64
years. One third of the total population in Cairo is under the age of 15 and nearly
three fifth is under the age of 30.
Cairo's approximate population growth rate is 1.75%. The birth rate is 30.6 per
1000 people, and the death rate is 7.3 per 1000 people. Also, the average life
expectancy is 60 to 65 for males, and 63 to 68 for females.…read more
Causes of Migration
There is national migration/rural-urban migration as workers from the suburbs
migrate/commute to the city in search of a livelihood and better living conditions.
Cairo has experienced urbanisation and become a megacity, people are moving in due to
the job opportunities, educational opportunities because of perceived better quality of
life, community spirit, and the trading opportunities too.
Income inequalities within Egypt is a motivating factor for people to migrate, as are the
labour and migration policies of sending and receiving countries.
Young educated migrants come from the developing countries to build up the work force
of industrialized countries. This has caused development in the recent past. In Cairo, the
infrastructure has been rebuilt and industries have been built and maintained, partly, by
Political conflict forces people to migrate across borders as well as within Egypt.
Environmental degradation, including the loss of farmland also pushes people to leave
their homes. Most "environmental refugees", will go to cities including the capital Cairo.…read more
Problems the city are facing
Overpopulation of city, due to shortage of land and migrant workers coming in and
causing an influx in the population. Also, the area is becoming polluted because of traffic
congestion and the increase of factories so Cairo is too overcrowded.
Urbanization has accompanied social and economic development, but rapid urban
growth has put strain on the capacity of the local and national government to provide
even the most basic of services such as water, electricity and sewerage. Squatter
settlements and over-crowded slums are home to tens of millions and the tombs are
used as homes by tens of thousands in Cairo's "City of the Dead".
The trends that have impacted on migration are likely to continue, because of the time it
will take to apply the strategies recommended in Cairo. The challenge for governments is
to formulate more migration policies that consider the economic constraints of receiving
countries as well as the influence on host societies and its effects on countries of origin.
Illegal houses are being built and the planning isn't as efficient so the houses are
dangerous because of the land they're built on. Also, they aren't connected to a safe
sewage system, so people aren't receiving the necessities. This means the house doesn't
exist because it's illegal and it doesn't show up on a map.…read more
The government have decided to put a check on the rapidly increasing population,
and have formulated positive policies and successfully implemented them. They are
encouraging the people to take up effective birth control measures and this is a fast
spreading idea of family planning. Education also ranks high in priority for women, so
the birth rate has decreased.
Cairo has addressed its population growth in a unique way. The government feels that
population growth can be stabilized by education and the advancement of women's
status and assigning them with more political and economic power.
The solutions also lie outside of Cairo by developing other areas of Egypt, If they just
keep investing in Cairo to improve its situation, they will be stuck in a cycle of drawing
in more migrants, further increasing population density, and making solutions to
Cairo's problems more difficult to plan.
They have built blocks of flats called 10th of Ramadan on abandoned farmland outside
of Cairo where there's no overcrowding, and people can move to a safer, secure and
unpolluted place. But, it proves difficulty to feel the community spirit because of
detachment from the city. They are solving the environmental problems by recycling
waste which has become very popular in Cairo.…read more