Business Steve - People And Organisations - Planning And Dev

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Business Steve ­ Notes Emma Rudd BMA
People and Organisations
Planning and Developing the Workforce
What is Human Resource Management?
Human Resource Management (HRM) is the process of making the most efficient use
of an organisations personnel. HRM covers a broad range of business activities:
Assessing future labour needs
Recruitment and selection
Motivation and reward of employees.
HRM views activities relating to the workforce as integrated and vital in helping the
organisation to achieve its objectives. People are viewed as an important resource
to be developed through training. Thus policies relating to recruitment and training,
for example should be formulated as part of a coordinated human resource
Planning the Workforce
Human Resource Plans are also called Workforce Plans.
Before a business recruits or trains employees, it must establish future labour
needs. This is not simply a matter of recruiting sufficient employees. Those
recruited must have the right skills and experience to help the organisation achieve
its cooperate objectives. Managers will draw up a human resource plan to detail the
number and type of workers the business needs to recruit. The plan will also specify
how the business will implement its human resource polices.
Businesses require specific information when developing human resource plans:
They need to research to provide sale forecasts for the next year or two. This
will help identify the quantity and type of labour required.
Data will be needed to show the number of employees likely to be leaving the
labour force in general (and the firm in particular). Information will be required on
potential entrants to the labour force.
If wages are expected to rise, the businesses may reduce their demand for
labour and seek to make greater use of technology.
The plan will reflect any anticipated changes in the output of the workforce due
to changes in productivity or the length of the working week.
Technological developments will impact on planning the workforce. Developments
in this field may reduce the need for unskilled employees whilst creating
employment for those with technical skills.
Developing the Workforce
One strategy to improve the performance of employees requires businesses to
recruit employees with the appropriate skills from outside the organisation. An
alternative is to train existing staff to develop their skills and knowledge. This option
can be expensive and takes time.
Recruiting and Selecting Employees

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Business Steve ­ Notes Emma Rudd BMA
The start of recruitment is to draw up job descriptions and person specifications.
Job descriptions relate to the position rather than person. Typically, job description
might contain the following information:
The title of the post
Employment conditions
Some idea of the tasks and duties
Person or job specifications set out the qualifications and qualities required in an
employee.…read more

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Business Steve ­ Notes Emma Rudd BMA
Employment Agencies provide employees with details of suitable applicants for
posts they may have vacant. Agencies usually charge considerable fees for
bringing together employers and potential candidates.
The government operates a number of training schemes to improve skills and
knowledge of the workforce. Participating in schemes offers firms a chance to
consider the skills and aptitude of possible employees whilst they are on a
training scheme.…read more

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Business Steve ­ Notes Emma Rudd BMA
Important policies such as health and safety, and disciplinary procedures.
The laypout of the fasctor or office
Their new collegues
The basic duties of the job.
Induction training enables a new recruit to become more productive quickly. It can
prevent costly errors resulting from employee ignorance and make a new employee
felly welcome, thereby reducing labour turnover.…read more


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