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Burrhus Frederic Skinner
Birth March 20th
1904 in Pennsylvania
1990 in Massachu-
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operant conditioning Skinner's theory that `living beings learn things from their surroundings,
chamber, innovated actions and others reactions' was based on behaviorism. A famous
his own philosophy of experiment which he carried out (later called `The Skinner Box') was
science called based on placing a hungry rat in a box with a lever which would dis-
radical behaviorism, pense food when pushed (a reward); the rat learnt that pressing the
and founded his own lever meant he received a reward and so he did it more often. This
school of experi- theory was then applied to other situations such as when a child mis-
mental research behaved they would be punished to deter them from doing it again
psychology--the and at the same time the child would be rewarded for behaving well
experimental to encourage them to behave more often. These methods are still
analysis of behavior. used today in places such as prisons, schools and homes.
Information from Information from `AQA Psychology B' text book.