Slides in this set
Arguments for and against votes for
·Parliament's decision affects both men ·Men and women have different interests
and women. and responsibilities. Women are home-
·There are single women or widows who makers whilst men debate and work.
bear the same responsibilities as men. ·Women are too emotional to be trusted
·Women's opportunities are increasing and aren't rational.
and so the vote should come next. ·Women are pure and should be
·Women have special skills and expertise protected from the grubby world of
and can help Parliament make better laws politics.
regarding education and home-life. ·Giving women the vote means giving it to
·Uneducated men can vote whilst all men such as riff-raffs.
respectable well-educated women cannot. ·Women don't fight so shouldn't have a
·Women pay taxes just like men. say in whether the country goes to war.
·Should be allowed to influence how PMs ·Most women do not want a vote or are
spend their money. already represented by their husbands.
·They can already serve in local elections ·Mainly middle class women are
and so how proved they can be trusted. campaigning so would not vote in the
interest of working class women.…read more
Conciliation Bill-1911 Early campaigners for
Asquith agreed to work with the the vote. After 73 MPs
women and produced a Conciliation supported votes for
Bill which Asquith then dropped. women, suffrage
societies were set up.
NUWSS was set up in
Millicent Fawcett was the
Suffragists leader. She believed in
peaceful methods such as
leaflets, petitions, organised
meetings would win the
vote. 1900- gained support
couldn't claim a
of some Liberal and
methods such as
windows. Neither parties were prepared to
adopt female suffrage as they had
bigger worries and issues at the
1910- WSPU calls off violence In 1903, the WSPU was
when Asquith agreed to work with founded by Emmeline
them. When Asquith called off the Pankhurst and her
Conciliation Bill, it leads of Black daughters Christabel and
Sunday Sylvia. Suffragettes were
formed because the
Pankhurst's were impatient
The went about
with peaceful methods of
gaining the vote
setting post Suffragettes
boxes on fire,
In 1905 new methods were
experimented with. At a Liberal
Government Party meeting, shouting
Men weren't allowed to join and caused police to remove them.
they recruited mainly middle and Christabel attracted much attention
upper class. They wanted to make when she was arrested and charged
women's suffrage a serious issue- for assault. Publicity showed them
one that the government couldn't that militancy was news and
ignore. Their aim was militancy. attention.…read more
Methods of protest
NUWSS- Suffragists WSPU- Suffragettes
Propaganda- published posters, leaflets and Propaganda- published newspaper: "Votes for
postcards. women" which gave suffragettes publicity. By
Meetings and demonstrations- Women's 1914-huge circulation.
Pilgrimage in 1913 was a success with Meetings and Demonstrations
thousands taking part and newspapers Attacking property- window smashing, pouring
favouring peaceful methods. Demonstrations chemicals in letter boxes, attacking art galleries,
kept issue in public eye. golf courses.
Civil Disobedience- you could only vote if you Attacking people- prison doctors attacked. Axe
paid taxes was on of the arguments so many thrown at Prime Minister and narrowly missed.
women refused to pay taxes Hunger strikes- 1909 protesters tried to force
authorities to recognise suffragettes as political
prisoners not criminals. Won sympathy when
authorities started using force-feeding which
Cat and Mouse Act 1913- Allowed hunger
strikers to be released to recover health and
then re-arrested when healthy.…read more
Suffragettes turned to violence because:
·Peaceful methods unsuccessful
·Government banned them from meetings to peaceful
protest was denied.
·Government started harsh treatment first
Were violent methods
·Made female suffrage front page news and ·Violence gave government and excuse not
brought to public attention. to give in as you shouldn't give in to violence.
·Once issue was raised, wasn't going to go away so ·Violence turned moderate MPs against the
sooner/later they would win. cause.
·As time passed, the idea seemed less strange and ·Violence supported the view that women
gradually accepted. weren't responsible enough to have the vote.
·Asquith against women gaining the vote so ·1913-14 NUWSS grew in popularity at
violence did not make anything worse. expense of WSPU as women were turning
away from violence.…read more