British Depth Study: Liberal Welfare Reforms

An overview of the liberal welfare reforms.

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1906: Free School Meals
1907: School Medical Inspections
1908: Children's Act

Reforms for Children

Before Reforms:
No real system.
Some charities.
Orphans went to workhouses.

Provided free school meals for poorest children.
Local council's decision whether to provide them.
Only half of councils did provide them.
Not compulsory…

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1908: Pesions

For the over 70s.

Life expectancy wasn't that long.

People had to leave work at 55.

No income for 15 years.

Given 5s a week.

Married couples got 7s 6d a week.

Later fixed to 10s.

Only earned a pension if you income was less than £21 a…

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First time the government had given money to people directly.

Reforms for the Elderly

Reforms for the Workers

1908: The Labour Exchanges Act
Part 1: Sick Pay.
1911: National Insurance Act.
Part 2: Unemployment.
1912: National Insurance Acr.
1909: The Labour Exchanges Act[A Labour Exchange was basically a job centre.]…

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However many of the jobs there were short-term or casual.

1911: National Insurance Act ­ Part 1. Sick Pay.

Friendly Societies:
1. For a long time there had been organisations called Friendly Societies.
a. You paid a sum of money called a premium to these regularly.
b. In return, they…

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More reforms passed during this period:

1906 The Trades Disputes Act ruled that unions were not liable for damages because of strikes.
1906 The Workers Compensation Act granted compensation for injury at work.
1908 Eighthour day for miners.
1910 halfday a week off for shop workers.
A Merchant Shipping Act…


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