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Free School Meals
1907: School Medical Inspections
1908: Children's Act
Reforms for Children
Before Reforms:
No real system.
Some charities.
Orphans went to workhouses.
Provided free school meals for poorest children.
Local council's decision whether to provide them.
Only half of councils did provide them.
Not compulsory until 1914.
Compulsory school medical inspections.
Ended up finding health problems which nothing could be done about.
Medical treatment not offered until 1912.…read more

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For the over 70s.
Life expectancy wasn't that long.
People had to leave work at 55.
No income for 15 years.
Given 5s a week.
Married couples got 7s 6d a week.
Later fixed to 10s.
Only earned a pension if you income was less than £21 a year.
Only given to those who had worked to their full ability.
You had to have lived in Britain for the last 20 years.
You had to be a British Citizen.…read more

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First time the government had given money to people directly.
Reforms for the Elderly
Reforms for the Workers
1908: The Labour Exchanges Act
Part 1: Sick Pay.
1911: National Insurance Act.
Part 2: Unemployment.
1912: National Insurance Acr.
1909: The Labour Exchanges Act[A Labour Exchange was basically a job centre.]
·A national string of state labour exchanges were set up.
Meant job seeking was more efficient ­ the unemployed went to one place instead of many.…read more

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However many of the jobs there were short-term or casual.
1911: National Insurance Act ­ Part 1. Sick Pay.
Friendly Societies:
1. For a long time there had been organisations called Friendly Societies.
a. You paid a sum of money called a premium to these regularly.
b. In return, they gave you insurance.
c. Not everyone could afford to pay these premiums though.
The government made the National Insurance Act 1911.…read more

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More reforms passed during this period:
1906 The Trades Disputes Act ruled that unions were not liable for damages because of strikes.
1906 The Workers Compensation Act granted compensation for injury at work.
1908 Eighthour day for miners.
1910 halfday a week off for shop workers.
A Merchant Shipping Act improved conditions for sailors.
From 1911, MPs were paid. This gave working men the opportunity to stand for election.…read more


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