Britain in WW1 revision cards

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  • Created on: 23-06-11 14:16
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What role did Lord Kitchener playHow did people in Britain react to
in 1914? the outbreak of war in August
1914? Why?
He led the recruitment campaign They were delighted ... they saw
for volunteer soldiers after\war Germany as an aggressive power
broke out. that had to be stopped and they
thought war would be over by
How did recruitment posters try What happened to men who did
to persuade men to join the not appear to volunteer to fight?
Patriotism, duty to protect family They were called cowards and
and fear of Germany given white feathers.
How many men joined up? What does the king's shilling
500,000 ­ many queued for days mean?
in the first month It was given to men who
2 million in the first 2 years volunteered to join the army.
What is the difference between a Give 3 reasons why men stopped
volunteer and a conscript? volunteering to join the army.
A volunteer chooses to join the High numbers of casualties on the
army, a conscript has to join the front; worried by attacks on
army. Britain by air and sea; war
When was conscription Which men were conscripted?
introduced? Aged 18 ­ 41 and not in `reserved
January 1916 occupations' e.g. mining and
farming men; single men (until
March 1916)
What were people called who What happened to those who
refused to fight because they refused to fight or `conshies'
thought war was wrong? Trial, prison, stretcher bearers on
Conscientious objectors the Front

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What does propaganda mean? What did government propaganda
A government method to persuade want people to think or do?
people that the war\was right and The war against Germany was
they should support it just, the Germans were evil; they
should make sacrifices and
support the war
What did DORA stand for? When How did DORA affect
was it introduced? information available to people in
Defence of the Realm Act passed Britain?
in August 1914 All news / letters from the Front
were censored; newspapers…read more

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When was rationing introduced? How did the war affect the
What was rationed? campaign of the brave women
January 1918; sugar, butter, beef trying to get the vote from
narrow minded male politicians?
They called off the campaign in
order to focus on the war
How did the war change the lives Name some jobs done by women
of women? for the first time in the war:
They filled the jobs done by men e.g.…read more

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What was a munitionette Why was working in a munitions
A woman making weapons in an factory unpleasant?
munitions factory 12 hour shifts; toxic chemicals;
What was a `canary'? fires; explosions
A woman who worked in a factory
whose skin turned yellow because
of toxic jaundice
Did women really make a So did men recognise the efforts
difference to munitions or were of women in the war?
they just boasting? Yes ..…read more


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