First 439 words of the document:
The role of Britain in relation to China concerning the war with Japan.
Both France and Britain expressed discontent towards the treatment the
Chinese were getting from the Japanese.
· It was the bombing of Pearl Harbour that caused Britain and the USA to
join forces and declared war on Japan, prompting them to protect China.
· However, China was not invited to the conference where Britain obtained
Russia's permission to enter the war.
· Britain, including other forces such as France, Germany, and Russia
forced China to join unequal treaties.
· The Chinese were already compounded by its ever strengthening
neighbour Japan à so did Britain really help China?
· Source 1 is from The Times newspaper, which was a major voice of
British establishment on reflection of the 1911 Chinese revolution.
· The second is an extract from a private comment made my Winston
Churchill, regarding China's international standing in 1943.
· Finally, the third is from The Observer. It is representing progressive
opinion in Britain, on reflection of the SinoSoviet alliance of August 1945.
· The Times expresses extreme doubt as to whether a deferential society
like China, given the strength and longevity of its monarchical tradition, is
capable of making the transition to a modern republic.
· Churchill's complaint about 30 years later is that the current talk of the
war having raised China to world power status comparable with Britain
and the major nations of Europe is wildly unrealistic.
· The Observer's leader seeks to analyse the impact of the SinoSoviet
Treaty on the power balance between the CCP and the GMD in China.
· The Times, a highly influential and representative organ, states
unmistakably that China in 1912 is simply not ready for a republic. Its
antique political system of national deference of a divine emperor cannot
easily or swiftly be replaced by a modern, sophisticated Western
· Churchill is even blunter, although in private, in pointing out the fallacy of
assuming that backward China can be elevated to world power status
merely because it has become an important ally in wartime. It is
significant that Churchill's public recognition of Chiang and China was not
genuine it had been given only at the USA's insistence.
· The Observer is sympathetic to the GMD regime and does not consider
the Chinese communists capable of winning the civil war. Within four
years, the CCP's victory, show that The Observer misread the situation.