Britain 1931-51 Revision

Notes on Britain before, during and after the war.

(for the Edexcel sources paper)

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Sources Paper: Britain 1931-51 Revision Topics

Unemployment in the 1930s

Unemployment in the 1930s was highest in the coal, iron and steel, cotton and shipbuilding
industries, in the north and east of England and in Scotland and Wales.

By 1932, 62% of all shipbuilders were unemployed.

Main changes and laws…

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said he would set up a steel works in Jarrow. His works opened in December 1937. It only
employed 200 men and gave the government and excuse to ignore Jarrow.

Many of the marchers felt, and said, that the Crusade had failed. It did not achieve its aim.
The government…

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Importance of Dunkirk ­ it boosted British morale.

The Battle of Britain

When France surrendered on 22nd June 1940, Hitler turned to Britain.

Operation Sealion relied on destroying the Royal Air Force so it could not attack invading

The Battle of Britain was not a single battle, or even…

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supplies were affected. But the Blitz failed in its main objective ­ people did not turn against
the war in large numbers.

Coventry: Coventry suffered its worst attack on the night of the 14th November 1940, being
hit by 30,000 incendiary bombs (a bomb designed to cause a fire), with…

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Some foster parents did not treat the evacuees well, beating them and not giving them
enough food. Some saw the children as a burden.
During the Phoney War, many children drifted back to the cities by Christmas and had
to be evacuated again once the Blitz began.

Role of the…

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work. They were also trained as drivers. Women could not go into battle, but as war
progressed they worked on anti-aircraft posts, as radio operators, as motorbike messengers
and as spies.

By 1943, 17 million women aged between 14 and 64 were either in the forces or in essential

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D-Day was successful because of all the careful planning and preparation which meant that
the plan ran smoothly. Also, the confusion of the Germans was key to its success.

The Battle of the Bulge

The Battle of the Bulge started on December 16th 1944. Hitler had convinced himself that the…

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Eastern Front ­ in Europe, the majority of the fighting was done on the Russian front.
The Red Army took on 75% of Germany war power. They eliminated 607 German
divisions and killed 6 million Germans whilst the British and Americans defeated 176
Britain's Role ­ Britain played a…

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Before the National Health Services Act families were covered only if they had private
insurance and many of them couldn't afford to purchase insurance. Calling out a doctor, or
going to a hospital, was often a last resort with the result that illnesses or injuries went
untreated altogether,…


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