Brigham Young and the Mormon's move to Salt Lake City

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Brigham Young and the Mormon's move to Salt Lake City:
Preparations for a move form Nauvoo began in 1845.
Anti-Mormon violence increased in 1846. An advance party left to set up winter
quarters on the banks of the Missouri River at Platte River Junction. They planted
crops to feed Mormons on the journey.
In 1847 Young led the Mormons across the Great Plains along Platte River. They were
organised like an army but deaths still occurred.
They reached Salt Lake Valley on 23rd July. Young picked this place despite the harsh
conditions. Mormon propaganda suggested the area was geographically similar to
Isreal.
Irrigation work was needed to make things grow. Strict discipline made team work
effective.
Building work started almost immediately. Young called the area "Deseret". He
wanted it to become a Mormon state, independent of the USA and reaching to the
Pacific at San Diego.
The first crops were destroyed by a plague of grasshoppers. Despite this more
Mormons were encouraged to come to Deseret. Increased numbers were needed
for success.
In 1848 Salt Lake Valley was handed over by Mexico and became Utah, a territory of
the USA. It had no access to the sea and no independence, but Young became
governor.
The Mormons ignored US laws. The Danites suppressed oppositions and attacked US
officials.
In 1857 the US appointed a non-Mormon governor, who arrived with 2500 US
troops. Later that year 140 non-Mormon settlers were massacred at Mountain
Meadows. The Mormons blamed the Indians, but others suspected the Danites. A
Mormon was executed 20 years later for his part in the massacre.
Utah wasn't allowed to become a state while it still practised polygamy. The US
government stepped up its efforts after Brigham Young's death in 1877, until the
Mormons finally abandoned the practice in 1890. Utah was made a state in 1896.

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