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Learning theory

All behaviour is learned and we are born a "blank slate". Within learning theory there are 2 types of
learning; Operant conditioning and classical conditioning.

Operant conditioning: Learning via reinforcement, positive or negative

Classical conditioning: Learning via association i.e. making a link between 2 things

Bowlby's theory of…

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Schaffer and Emerson- Did a longitudinal study on 106 babes in Glasgow. Results showed that by 7
months 29% of babies had multiple attachments and by 10 months 59% had multiple attachments.
Also found that babies didn't always form the strongest bond with the mother. Criticises theory as


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