Breakdown of relationships: Duck and Roulie theory

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Psychology unit 3 relationships revision
Breakdown of relationships- Duck and Roulie theory
Description
Dissatisfaction- unhappiness may be caused by an imbalance of exchanges
or a perception of inequity. It could also be caused by a lack of skills or
maintenance difficulties.
Intrapsychcic phase- on their own, they think about their relationship. They
dwell on their partner's faults and costs involved in a relationship. They
evaluate the alternatives on offer.
Dyadic- after thinking about their relationship and their partner on their
own they talk about it to one other person who is close to them such as a
friend or a family member.
Social processes- when the person goes public about the breakup of their
relationship. They start to tell their friends about all of the bad points of
their relationship to gain support.
Grave dressing phase- when the person gets rid of any memories of their
partner by removing anything that might remind them of their ex partner
such as photos or clothes.
Resurrection processes- this is when they start to get on with their life
again, when they are over their previous relationship. They now know any
mistakes which they can learn from in the future.
Evaluation
The theory is more of a description of how relationships end rather than an
explanation of how they end.
Tashio and Frazier studied undergraduates that just broke up from a
relationship and gave them questionnaires. They found that there was evidence of
all 6 stages suggesting the theory is valid. However, this lacks population validity
as it only studied undergraduates so we can't generalise results to other types of
relationships. Also it used questionnaires so results could be influenced by social
desirability bias.
Brehm and Kassin found the theory doesn't explain gender difference as it
applies to women more than men as women discuss relationships more. Also women
gave different reasons to men for breaking up.
There are also gender differences in the amount of personal growth people make
during the resurrection processes. Men make less than women and the reason is
unknown and the model can't explain this.
The model may be culturally biased. It may not explain polygamous relationships
where a new partner is already available before the resurrection phase.

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Psychology unit 3 relationships revision
/ It can explain the breakdown of close friendships and romantic relationships
but where there are big differences in the style of relationships the theory can't
account for their breakup. This is because a key assumption of the theory is that
the partner enjoys a degree of exclusivity that other relationships don't involve.
Homosexual relationships don't have the same degree of faithfulness or fidelity.…read more

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