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BOWLBY'S VIEW
In 1960 Bowlby proposed that attachment was
important for survival. Infants cannot survive
without the help of someone to feed, care for
and protect them, they cannot survive without
assistance.
Therefore it is likely that human beings have
evolved in a way that they are born with an
innate tendency to form an attachment that
serves to increase their chances of survival.…read more

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PROXIMITY
Bowlby suggested that species have adapted to stay
close to their mothers, which enhances their
survival as the young can be protected.
Bowlby suggested that an attachment is a two way
process, where both child and caregiver are
`genetically programmed' to stay close. As a result
of this a strong bond is formed.
When child and caregiver are separated they
experience separation anxiety and they are wary of
strangers.…read more

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EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT PROXIMITY
The Strange Situation
Securely Attached Infants showed stranger anxiety
and wanted to stay close to the mother
Harlow's Monkeys
The monkeys clung to the cloth mother for 22 hours
Lorenz Goslings
The goslings followed Lorenz around everywhere
and became distressed if they lost sight of him…read more

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EVIDENCE AGAINST PROXIMITY
Genetic Programming
There are cases where some mothers don't give
their child the necessary love, warmth and care.
This means that they may not be `genetically
programmed' like Bowlby suggests.…read more

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MONOTROPY
Bowlby suggested that infants have a innate
tendency to attach to one person. Ideally for
Bowlby this is the biological mother
This attachment formed is superior to all other
attachment's that the child may form in the
future and this superior attachment is essential
for psychological health.…read more

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