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Slide 1

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Boudica's Rebellion
Literary Analysis…read more

Slide 2

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rex Icenorum Prasutagus, divitiis diu clarus, Caesarem
heredem duasque filias scripserat, tali obsequio ratus et
regnum et domum suam procul iniuria futuram esse.
1- What is this paragraph talking about?
The succession of Prasutagus.
2- Who was Prasutagus?
rex icenorum (l.1): the King of the Iceni
3- clarus (l.1): what is he famous for?
divitiis diu (l.1): his long prosperity and his riches
4- What is his final will?
Caesarem heredem duasque filias (l.1): to have both
Caesar and his 2 daughters as heirs.…read more

Slide 3

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rex Icenorum Prasutagus, divitiis diu clarus, Caesarem
heredem duasque filias scripserat, tali obsequio ratus et
regnum et domum suam procul iniuria futuram esse.
5- Why did he take this decision?
·To show his submission (tali obsequio l.1-2)
·To protect his kingdom and his house from injustice
(regnum et domum suam procul iniuria futuram esse
·He tried to please both camps and wanted his
kingdom to live on, hence the reason why he tried to
please Caesar by naming him as a partial heir to his
kingdom.…read more

Slide 4

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quod contra vertit, adeo ut regnum a centurionibus,
domus a servis velut capta vastarentur.
1- What happened when the king died? Did his plan
· The exact opposite happened (contra l.2)
· Tacitus uses two strong word to describe the violent
consequences of the King's death: contra (l.2) and adeo (l.2)
· Military exactions took place: the centurions plundered his
kingdom (regnum a centurionibus ... vastarentur l.3)
· His house was plundered too, by slaves (a servis
· All his possessions were considered as spoils of war (capta l.
3)…read more

Slide 5

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iam primum uxor eius Boudica verberata et filiae stupor violatae
sunt: principes omnes Icenorum, quasi Romani totam regionem
muneri accepissent, avitis bonis exuuntur, et propinqui regis inter
servos habebentur.
1- Whose fates are described in this paragraph?
· His wife's, Boudica: she was whipped (verberata l.4)
· His daughters: they were raped (violatae sunt l.4)
· The Iceni leaders: their ancestral possessions were taken away
(avitis bonis exuuntur l.4)
· The relatives of the King: they were called slaves (propinqui regis
inter servos habebentur l.5)
2- Why were the Iceni leaders' possessions taken away?
· The Romans behaved as if they had received the region as a
present (quasi Romani totam regionem muneri accepissent l.4-5),
which means that they were disrespectful and humiliated the Iceni
leaders/nobles.…read more

Slide 6

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qua contumelia et metu graviorum permoti, quod in formam
provinciae cesserant, rapiunt arma; commoti sunt ad
rebellionem Trinobantes et qui alii, nondum servitio fracti,
recipere libertatem occultis coniuratonibus pepigerant.
1- So far, Tacitus described the attitude of the Romans after the
king's death. What is his analysis? According to him, how did the
Iceni leaders feel?
· Tacitus writes about "such a humiliation" (qua contumelia l.5) and
gives it as one of the reasons why the Iceni leaders decided to rebel.
· Tacitus also mentions that they fear that things are going to get
worse (metu graviorum permoti l.6)
2- How do they view their kingdom now?
· They had been reduced to the status of Province (a Roman region)
(in formam provinciae cesserant l.6)
· This has a negative connotation: indeed, Tacitus uses the word
"reduced" (cesserant l.6). It also means that the Iceni leaders lose
their independence.…read more

Slide 7

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