Black Power

A handout with information about Malcolm X, the Nation of Islam, the Vietnam War, the Black Panther Party and the 1968 Olympics.

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  • Created on: 09-03-12 16:57
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Research and create a timeline of Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. How important was the
NOI in developing a "Black Consciousness"?
Malcolm X Timeline
May 19, 1925 - Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska
1940 - Drops out of school at age 15
1946 - Convicted of burglary and sent to prison
1949 - 1951 - Studies the Nation of Islam
1952 - Leaves prison, dedicates himself to Nation of Islam, changes name to Malcolm X
Jan. 14, 1958 - Marries Betty X
Dec. 4, 1963 - Suspended from the Nation of Islam
March 1964 - Leaves Nation of Islam, starts the Muslim Mosque, Inc.
Apr. 22, 1964 - Makes his Hajj and becomes El-Hajj Malik al-Shabazz
Jun. 28, 1964 - Forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity
Jul. 17, 1964 - Speaks at the Organization of African Unity in Cairo
Aug. 13, 1964 - U.S. State and Justice Departments take notice of his influence on African leaders at
the U.N.
Feb 21, 1965 - X assassinated in New York by NOI gunmen
Stokely Carmichael Timeline
Jun. 29, 1941 - Born in Port of Spain, Trinidad
1952 ­ Moved to New York City
1961 ­ Joined the Freedom Riders and participated in the second round of rides
1964 ­ Graduated from Howard Uni, took a central role in SNCC's "Freedom Summer"
1966 ­ Became chairman of SNCC
1967 ­ Wrote Black Power with Charles Hamilton; SNCC severs ties with him
1968 ­ Made honorary prime minister of the Black Panther Party; Harsh critical of Vietnam
1969 ­ Moved to Guinea, West Africa
1970 ­ Joins the All- African People's Revolutionary Party as a Central Committee member
1971 ­ Wrote Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism
1978 ­ Changes name to Kwame Ture
1998 ­ Wrote his autobiography Read for Revolution; died of cancer Nov. 15.
How important was the Nation of Islam in developing a "Black Consciousness"?
The Nation of Islam, of which Malcolm X was a prominent figure, was the most prominent Black
Power group.
Its members, and some other Black Muslims, believed that black Americans should be given a
separate black state in the USA.
They rejected the civil rights movement, as they didn't want any part of white society, but
didn't reject the use of violence.
Malcolm X's ideas were clearly reflected in the policies of the Black Panthers, established
later in the movement.

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How significant was the Vietnam war and the draft in politicising Northern Blacks?
Vietnam was America's first conflict which was racially integrated; despite black soldiers fighting in all
of America's previous military encounters. One million black people had served In the Second World
War, and, after returning victorious, the soon realised that they were still denied basic humans rights.
For some black soldiers however, Vietnam produced an opportunity to escape from life at home. It
was a chance to prove their worth to their country.…read more

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A survey produced by Time Magazine illustrated the influence of Black Power; and the growing racial
problems and conflicts in Vietnam and at home. Personal interviews were conducted with 400 black
enlisted men "from Con Thiem to the Delta" providing a measure of the attitude of black men in
60% agreed that black people should not fight in Vietnam because they have problems back
home. Only 23% replied that blacks should fight in Vietnam the same as whites.…read more

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Examine and critically evaluate the Black Panther movement with specific reference to the
events of the 1968 Olympics.…read more

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It inspired other minority groups to follow the black example (eg Native Americans,
Chicanos, who developed 'Red Power' and 'Brown Power')
Black power brought division to the movement
By accepting violence, campaigners undermined King's policy of maintaining the moral high
ground, and lost much of the white sympathy he had gained.…read more


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