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Biosocial approach to gender development
Approach includes both biological and social influences, however put more emphasis on
social factors than biological ones.

Biosocial theory (Money and Ehrhardt, 1972):
Argued, biological influences occur during prenatal development but after that after birth
onwards social factors only influence gender development.
If sex of…

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Proposed that selective pressures do not cause both physical and psychological differences,
only cause physical difference and this leads to sex role allocations, which in turn create
psychological sex differences.
Men ­ hunters ­ more aggressive
Women ­ homemaker/caregiver ­ empathic
Division of Labour:
Physical difference between men and…

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Also found when women had high status, male-female division of labour was less
pronounced, sex differences in mating preference became less pronounced ­ suggesting
social role are the driving force for psychological differences.
Challenged by Gangestad et al. (2006):
Further analysis on the same data shows gender equality was…


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