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Biological Treatments of Mood Disorders

Drug Therapy
Three main categories of antidepressant drugs have been used to treat clinical depression:
Tricyclic antidepressants: prevent noradrenalin and serotonin being taken back into the
neuron after it has been released. It increases the activity levels of these neurotransmitters
o Side effects:
Dry mouth…

Page 2

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The three classes of antidepressant drugs all help to reduce depression but have undesirable
side effects and not everybody responds to drug treatment
They all take time to work. Someone who is severely depressed may find it difficult waiting
for the drug to `kick in' and may feel that they…

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The client and therapist draw up a list of activities that the client had
previously found enjoyable
They then deal with any obstacles in rekindling them
Engagement in these activities should lift the mood
o Graded task assignments
Clients are helped to engage in successively more demanding but rewarding
activities…

Page 4

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Cognitive therapy is not suitable for bipolar disorder and works best with articulate and
motivated individuals
IPT is not as well researched as CBT and there is little evidence to evaluate how, or even if, it
is effective. Some research (e.g. Frank et al., 1990) investigated the use of IPT…

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