Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Stress is an event or a change that causes both the HPA and SAM to happen simultaneously
which is known as `fight or flight'.

1) SITUATION E.G. stepping on a plug.

Page 2

Preview of page 2
2) APPRAISAL- is the situation stressful or not?

Our immune system is made up of white blood cells known as lymphocytes which come in 2 forms:
natural and specific. Specific has 2 forms humoral B-cells and cellular T-cells.

Page 3

Preview of page 3
The effect of stress has 3 main cases studies attached:

GAS ­ Selye
Cohen ­ common cold
Kiecolt-Glaser- Exam stress


GAS-SELYE: Using a rat in his investigation he made the link between chronic stress and illness. GAS=
common response to all stressors. He…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Holmes and Rahe 1967- Looked at hospital patients all with heart disease and had
reported a significant life event in the past year. The 394 ppt had to compare 43
different life events 6.g marriage=500 units. LCU = LIFE CHANGE UNITS and they
were recorded in the SRRS- SOCIAL REAJUSTMENT…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Marmot et al 1997- tested the relationship between workload and control. 7000ppt all civil
servants over 5 years with self-reported questionnaires which REMEMBER could be bias and
difficult to generalise because of the one sector used. He carried out 2 separate studies-
Whithall1 with civil servants who had a low…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
3 Types: A = time pressured, competitive and hostile. B = relaxed and
hardy= control, commited and challenge thrillers.

Rosenman et al 1976- 3154ppt of middle aged men in the US who were
categorised into type A or B after an interview they were followed up for 8.5 years

Page 7

Preview of page 7
SIT- Developed by Meichenbaum 1985 because he believed we have the power to change the way
we think about stressful situations. He developed stages into the positive thinking:

1) CONCEPTUALISATION- Identify the source of the stress. The client is advised to keep a diary
of stressful events

Page 8

Preview of page 8
They are effective anti-anxiety drugs and work by increasing the action of
neurotransmitters GABA which inhibits neurotransmitters throughout the brains
pathways and so reduce stress.

+vs= relatively safe.

-ves= side effects (tiredness, sedation, impaired motor condition, LT memory
impairment) also withdrawal symptoms which lead to sleeping problems. Don't
target the…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Both Physiological and psychological can be stress management in the following
ways ...

BIOFEEDBACK- using a machine for the physiological progress e.g. heart rate. If the persons
heart rate goes above a certain level a sound will go or the person can see their heart rate
and so they are…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »