Slides in this set
Current problems facing
Only 12% of Earth is said to warrant protection. Only 1% of marine
areas. (How have we referred to these areas already in this
Protected areas are fragmented and unevenly distributed.
Funds are short, especially in LDC countries.
Although an area is said to be protected, it does not mean an area will be
Areas not protected are very often threatened by pollution, climate
change invasive species and unsustainable development.…read more
Biodiversity and the Millennium
· The millennium development goals adopted by world leaders in
September 2000 at the millennium UN summit
· The 8 MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets that are
measured by 60 indicators.
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Which ones are linked to biodiversity? (see p.130 in Oxford book)
Make some notes to show which ones are and why?…read more
Obviously goal 7 deals explicitly with biodiversity, but
biodiversity is interlinked with many other goals.
· Eradicating hunger (goal 1) depends much on
sustainable agricultural production , which relies on
· The capacity of fisheries to supply hundreds of people
with bulk of protein depends on maintaining coral and
mangroves (goal 1).
· Improving health and sanitation (goals 4,5 and 6)
require healthy freshwater ecosystems to provide
adequate clean water and medicinal resources.
· This contributes to gender equality (goal 3) as women
are mainly responsible for water collection.…read more
How is biodiversity connected to poverty & human development &
1. Explain how four of these are reliant upon biodiversity.
A lack of biodiversity exacerbates poverty and likewise
poverty is a major threat to biodiversity.
2. Using the statement above, explain why it will be difficult to
maintain biodiversity in the future in many LEDC's.…read more
The link between poverty and biodiversity
· Poverty and biodiversity are inextricably linked.
· Poor (especially in rural areas of LEDC's) rely on
biodiversity for food, fuel, shelter, medicine and
· Biodiversity also provides the critical ecosystems on
which development depends, including air and water
· Biodiversity exacerbates poverty and likewise poverty is
a major threat to biodiversity Charcoal production in
Madagascar is a good illustration of this...…read more