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Current problems facing
biodiversity.
Only 12% of Earth is said to warrant protection. Only 1% of marine
areas. (How have we referred to these areas already in this
topic?)
Problem:
­ Protected areas are fragmented and unevenly distributed.
Problem:
­ Funds are short, especially in LDC countries.
Problem:
­ Although an area is said to be protected, it does not mean an area will be
successfully conserved.
­ Areas not protected are very often threatened by pollution, climate
change invasive species and unsustainable development.…read more

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Biodiversity and the Millennium
Development Goals
· The millennium development goals adopted by world leaders in
September 2000 at the millennium UN summit
· The 8 MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets that are
measured by 60 indicators.
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Which ones are linked to biodiversity? (see p.130 in Oxford book)
Make some notes to show which ones are and why?…read more

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Obviously goal 7 deals explicitly with biodiversity, but
biodiversity is interlinked with many other goals.
· Eradicating hunger (goal 1) depends much on
sustainable agricultural production , which relies on
maintaining soils.
· The capacity of fisheries to supply hundreds of people
with bulk of protein depends on maintaining coral and
mangroves (goal 1).
· Improving health and sanitation (goals 4,5 and 6)
require healthy freshwater ecosystems to provide
adequate clean water and medicinal resources.
· This contributes to gender equality (goal 3) as women
are mainly responsible for water collection.…read more

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How is biodiversity connected to poverty & human development &
sustainability?
Think about:
· Fuel
· Food
· Water
· Air
· Employment
· Resources
· Shelter
· Medicine
1. Explain how four of these are reliant upon biodiversity.
A lack of biodiversity exacerbates poverty and likewise
poverty is a major threat to biodiversity.
2. Using the statement above, explain why it will be difficult to
maintain biodiversity in the future in many LEDC's.…read more

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The link between poverty and biodiversity
· Poverty and biodiversity are inextricably linked.
· Poor (especially in rural areas of LEDC's) rely on
biodiversity for food, fuel, shelter, medicine and
livelihood.
· Biodiversity also provides the critical ecosystems on
which development depends, including air and water
purification.
· Biodiversity exacerbates poverty and likewise poverty is
a major threat to biodiversity ­ Charcoal production in
Madagascar is a good illustration of this...…read more

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